International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr <div align="justify"> <p class="para1"><strong>International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research (IJAPR)</strong>&nbsp;is an international peer reviewed Monthly open access Online and Print journal. The aim of the journal is to increase the impact of research in both academic and industry, with strong emphasis on quality and originality. The journal promotes to publish the articles in the field of&nbsp;<strong>Ayurveda, Siddha, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Homeopathy and Allopathy</strong>&nbsp;systems of medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Researchers may submit (1). Original Research Articles (2). Review articles (3). Book Reviews (4). Short Communications/ Research Letter (5). Case Report (6). Letter to the Editor/Correspondence.</p> </div> en-US ijaprs@gmail.com (Dr B Srinivasulu M.D (Ayu.)) ijaprs@gmail.com (V Sowmya) Wed, 25 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 PHARMACEUTICO-ANALYTICAL STUDY OF SHODHITA SHILAJATU https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1676 <p>In the Pharmaceutical process of different forms of medicines raw material &amp; its quality plays an important role. During ancient time <em>Vaidyas</em> were themselves used to collect the raw materials herbs based on their occurrence and organoleptic characters, i.e., typical taste, texture, smell, color, and there types after selection they utilized them in preparing medicines. Based on their own observations, principles of drug processing and ideal quality of finished product, etc., have been documented by them. The principles were developed based upon the scientific parameters prevailing in those days. Materials and Method: Raw <em>Shilajatu</em> was subjected to <em>Shodhana</em> and <em>Shodhita shilajatu</em> was subjected to analytical study. The required materials for the process were collected from the Pharmacy of BLDEA's AVS Ayurveda Mahavidyalaya pharmacy Vijayapur, analytical lab. Raw drugs were purchased from Dorle and Sons retailer from Kolhapur Maharashtra. <em>Shilajatu shodhana</em> was carried out according to reference mentioned in <em>Rasaratna</em> <em>samuchaya</em>. Analytical tests concern Indian Pharmacopeia methods were followed. Result: Raw <em>Shilajatu</em> took 5 ½ hour to 6hour in <em>Shodhan</em> procedure in both batches. Three days for drying. In analytical tests physical constants like pH ash value, solubility, specific gravity, moisture content etc result values were under normal limit.</p> K. A. Patil, Satish G Patil, R S Sarashetti Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1676 Wed, 25 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800 NEPHROPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF BRIHATHYADI KASHAYAM IN ALBINO RATS https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1677 <p><em>Brihathyadi kashayam </em>mentioned in <em>Yogarathnakara</em> in the treatment of <em>Mootrkrichra</em> consists of combination of five simple drugs which are <em>Brihathi, Prishnaparni, Kutaja, Paata, </em>and<em> Yasthimadhu. </em>That is found to be more effective and safe in the treatment of <em>Mutravahasrotovikaras. </em><strong>Aim and Objectives: </strong>Evaluation of Analytical study and the nephroprotective effect of <em>Brihathyadi kashayam.</em> <strong>Objectives:</strong> To prepare <em>Brihathyadi kashayam</em> according to classical reference, Experimental evaluation of <em>Brihathyadi kashayam </em>for its nephroprotective activity.<strong> Materials and Methods:</strong> <em>Brihathyadi kashayam </em>lower dose and higher dose were used in the study of nephroprotective activity in albino rats. The nephroprotective activity of <em>Brihathyadi kashayam </em>were evaluated against Rifampicin induced renal damage in albino rats. The results were analyzed by statistical methods. <strong>Results:</strong> In the experimental study the result was showed as the <em>Brihathyadi Kashayam</em> double dose was found effective in nephroprotective action, i.e., in reversing the degenerative changes caused in the nephrons by Rifampicin and lowering the serum creatinine, uric acid and urea levels comparing with the <em>Brihathyadi Kashayam </em>single dose and disease controlled group. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> This experimental study of <em>Brihathyadi kashayam </em>double dose showed the nephroprotective activity against the Rifampicin induced renal damage.</p> Binu.M.B, Chaitra.L.V, Guruprasad.K.V, Jeevesh.K.B Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1677 Wed, 25 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800 A RANDOMISED DOUBLE-BLIND CLINICAL STUDY TO EVALUATE AND COMPARE THE EFFECTS OF VRIDDADARU RASAYANA WITH BHARGAVAPROKTA RASAYANA ON AGEING IN APPARENTLY HEALTHY ELDERLY SUBJECTS https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1678 <p>According to estimation, India currently has 6.7% over 65 years of age, which is expected to increase to 20% by the year 2050. As growing old is a part of the life cycle, the effect of time is bound to happen and is unavoidable. The <em>Kalajajara</em> is a <em>Swabhavika vyadhi</em>, wherein, it is clearly mentioned that <em>Swabhava balapravritta vyadhis</em> being <em>Yapya,</em> can be managed through <em>Bhojana, Paana</em>, and <em>Rasayana. Vriddadaru Rasayana</em> is one such <em>Rasayana</em> mentioned in <em>Gadanigraha</em> especially for the elderly to promote healthy ageing and helping to prevent old age problems. <strong>Aims and objectives: </strong>To assess the effect of <em>Vriddadaru Rasayana </em>in improving the general body health and quality of life in the apparently healthy elderly subjects. <strong>Methodology</strong>– A Randomized double blind clinical study where 20 healthy elderly subjects were administered with <em>Vriddadaru Rasayana</em> for a period of 12 weeks. <strong>Observations and Results</strong>- <em>Vriddadaru rasayana</em> showed improvement in Ayurvedic parameters like <em>Twakparushata, Slataasti, Slata sandhi, Utasahahani</em> and <em>Parakramahani</em> but when compared with regard to objective parameters <em>Vriddadaru rasayana</em> showed significant values in DHEAS levels and 6MWT. <strong>Conclusion: </strong><em>Vriddadaru</em> does <em>Vatashamana,</em> balancing the <em>Doshas,</em> increasing the <em>Utsaha </em>and <em>Parakrama</em> and helps in improving the <em>Agni</em> thus helping in <em>Dhatuposhana</em> in the elderly.</p> Manasa H P, Yogeesha Acharya, Sandesh Kumar Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1678 Thu, 26 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800 EFFECT OF NISTHUSHAYADIKWATHA AND PHALATRIKADI KWATHA IN AMLAPITHA– A RANDOMISED COMPARATIVE CLINICAL STUDY https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1680 <p><em>Amlapitta</em>&nbsp;may be a&nbsp;clinical entity manifesting&nbsp;within the&nbsp;<em>Annavaha Srotas</em>. <em>Kashyapa</em> and <em>Madhava </em>have described this disease&nbsp;thoroughly. <em>Amlapitta </em>has become&nbsp;quite common&nbsp;because of&nbsp;the change&nbsp;within the&nbsp;food and life styles, sophistication and a stressful life.&nbsp;It is&nbsp;characterized by <em>Avipaka, Klama</em>, <em>Tiktodhgara, Amlodhgara, Gaurava, Hritkanthadaha</em> and <em>Aruchi</em> indicating the <em>Vikruthi </em>of <em>Pachakapitta</em>, <em>Kledakakapha</em> and <em>Samanavata</em>. The etiological factors&nbsp;and therefore the&nbsp;symptomatology manifested relate <em>Amlapitta</em> to diseases mentioned under Acid Peptic Disorders. <em>Nistushayadi Kwatha</em> and <em>Phalatrikadi kwatha</em> were selected. The main objectives of the study are to study and compare the effect of <em>Nistushayadi Kwatha </em>and effect of <em>Phalatrikadi kwatha </em>in the management of <em>Amlapitta</em>.</p> <p>A total of 40 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were selected, and randomly assigned into two groups i.e., Group A and Group B, comprising of 20 patients each. Group A and Group B were administered <em>Nistushayadi kwatha </em>and <em>Phalatrikadi Kwatha </em>respectively for 30 days. Both the groups were advised <em>Pathya Ahara</em>. They were followed up after every 10<sup>th</sup> days. After the intervention the <em>Samanya Lakshana </em>of <em>Amlapitta </em>were observed, recorded and assessed. The overall assessment of both the groups, where group A receives <em>Nistushyadi kwatha</em> and group B <em>Phalatrikadi kwatha </em>shows promising improvement in the subjective parameters. Assessment was done using unpaired ‘t’ test between these two groups, the result was not quite statistically significant which means there is no much difference in the efficacy of these two formulation in the management of <em>Amlapitta.</em> Both the formulations shown nearly same outcome in the improvement of disease parameter. The reduction in the symptoms were started to be noticed by 7<sup>th</sup> day where the patients had reduction in <em>Hrutkantha Daha, Aruchi, Kanthadaha </em>and <em>Angagourav</em>. These symptoms resolved by 30<sup>th </sup>day.</p> Maumita Halder, Prashant V Kulkarni, Abhijit Shinde, Binu.M.B Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1680 Thu, 26 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800 ANTI-HYPERGLYCEMIC EFFECT OF KUNDRU (COCCINIA INDICA) ON PATIENTS OF DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE-2 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1681 <p>The disease Diabetes or <em>Madhumeha</em> is well documented in all perennial sources of Ayurvedic wisdom. The present study was done to evaluate the efficacy of <em>Bimbi</em> (<em>Coccinia indica</em>) in the patients of Diabetes mellitus type-2 through single blind study. Total 30 patients were selected and divided into two groups, 15 patients in each group i.e., A (<em>Bimbi</em>) &amp; B (Barley). In this study it has been found that <em>Madhumeha</em> affects not only in elderly people but in adults too with slight female preponderance. The present study confirmed that after the treatment of 60 days, <em>Bimbi</em> (<em>Coccinia indica</em>) was found effective in treatment of <em>Madhumeha</em> and reduced majority of the symptoms of illness that including <em>Prabootha mootrata</em> (Excessive urination), <em>Atitrushna</em> (Excessive thirst), <em>Avila mootrata</em> (Turbid urine) and <em>Dourbalya</em> (Weakness). There was significant improvement in all the laboratory parameters in patients of <em>Bimbi</em> (<em>Coccinia indica</em>) treated group. The outcome showed that mean reduction in fasting blood sugar level was 19.86%, in PP blood sugar level was 24.52% and in HbA1c level was 8.4%.These outcomes suggest that the results of trial drug i.e., <em>Coccinia indica </em>(<em>Bimbi</em>) powder was highly significant at p-value &lt;0.001. The drug <em>Bimbi</em> showed effectiveness in reducing FBS, PPBS and HbA1c, as results were highly significant. Barley powder used as placebo didn't showed reduction in FBS, PPBS and HbA1c.</p> Mohd Junaid, Bhavna Singh, Sahana vats, Sanandan Thapliyal, Shalini Thapliyal Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1681 Thu, 26 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800 ANCIENT METHODS OF RESEARCH IN AYURVEDA https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1682 <h1 style="text-align: justify; margin: 2.0pt 28.45pt 2.0pt 27.0pt;"><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; font-family: 'Cambria','serif'; color: #0e101a; font-weight: normal;">Ayurveda is the <em>Upaveda </em>of <em>Atharvaveda, </em>the ancient literature which gave us the knowledge of healthier life. The absolute aim of Ayurveda is to maintain the health of a healthier person and diagnose and treat the diseased person. Ayurveda has the ability to treat many chronic diseases that are untreatable in modern medicine, it has got some very preventive and curative tools to treat the diseases, but unfortunately, due to the lack of scientific validation in various concepts, this precious gift from our ancestors is trailing. In a nutshell, Ayurveda gives human a healthy life with proven methods of medical treatment. The ancient methods of treatment are very effective and relevant in present time also. Hence, evidence-based research is highly needed for global recognition and acceptance of Ayurveda, which needs further advancements in the research methodology. </span></h1> Kirti Soni, Rohit Ranjan, Vijay Shankar Pandey Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1682 Wed, 25 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800 AN OVERVIEW OF ANNAKAADI (RICE VINEGAR) IN SIDDHA SYSTEM OF MEDICINE https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1683 <p>Siddha system of medicine established by ancient Siddhars is based on Dravidan (Tamilian) culture. In this system of medicine some peculiarities are there like <em>Annakaadi</em> (rice vinegar), <em>Amuri</em> (Siddha elixir), <em>Jayaneer</em> (salty extraction), <em>Theeneer</em> (distillates) which are used as medicines for treating various illness and used as precursor for higher order medicine. Nowadays these special things are away from our day today practice because lack of knowledge, non availability of ingredients, unknowing the preparation techniques, long duration for preparation, etc. <em>Annakaadi</em> is one of the Siddha resources, obtained from fermented rice water. In Siddha system of medicine, the <em>Annakaadi </em>plays a vital role in the purification process of various raw materials like <em>Naabi</em> (<em>Aconitum ferox</em>), <em>Serankottai</em> (<em>Semecarpus anacardium</em>), iron, zinc, arsenic, copper sulphate, <em>Palagarai</em> etc., in medicine preparation especially higher order medicine (<em>Parpam, Chenduram</em>) preparation, in medicine administration as adjuvant, and in external therapies. Clinically it is used for the management of Urinary Tract Infection, Diarrhoea and Gastritis. Nowadays the practitioners used commercially available vinegar instead of <em>Annakaadi</em> for their practice but commercially available vinegar is totally different from the Siddha preparation of <em>Annakaadi</em>. This study is aimed to review the preparation method and importance of <em>Annakaadi</em> in Siddha system of medicine from various ancient literatures. This study concluded that the <em>Annakaadi</em> in Siddha, it is an essential one for detoxification, preservation, preparation of higher order medicine and treat the emerging conditions. Further analytical and clinical studies are to be carried out to confirm its importance and efficacy.</p> S.Sivakkumar, R. Meenakumari Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1683 Wed, 25 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800 CLINICAL STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EFFICACY OF AGNIKARMA IN KARNINI WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CERVICAL EROSION https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1688 <p>Women’s health is extremely valuable and source of healthy nation. There are so many diseases that affects quality of life of women; cervical erosion is one among them. On the basis of etiopathogenesis, clinical features, complications and principles of treatment; <em>Karnini Yonivyapad</em> is very near to cervical erosion. <em>'Karnini Yonivyapada'</em> is a disease caused by vitiation of <em>Vata and Kapha dosha</em> while affected <em>dhatu</em> is <em>Rakta</em>. Treatment is aimed at <em>Vata-Kaphashamaka</em> and <em>Raktashodhaka. </em>In cervical erosion, there is replacement of squamous epithelium of ectocervix by columnar epithelium of endo cervical canal. Although it is a benign condition but ignorance of this disease may lead to infertility and cervical malignancy. The treatment of cervical erosion is designed to destruct the columnar epithelium and to promote the re-epithelization of the squamous tissues. Electric cauterization and laser are the standard treatment modalities of erosion in modern medical science which are the modified form of <em>Agnikarma</em> but so many side effect associated with them. In the present study, the management of cervical erosion was done through <em>Agnikarma </em>by <em>Jamabbadan shalaka </em>and found as better alternative in the management of <em>Karnini</em> (Cervical erosion).</p> Tiwari Richa, Pushpalatha Buduru, Bharathi K Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1688 Wed, 25 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800 A REVIEW ON ROLE OF PANCHAMABHUTA IN GARBHA UTPATTI https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1595 <p>In present days of globalizations all are concentrated in finding basics of transformations or existence. The concept of <em>Panchamahabhuta</em> (five basic elements) has been scientifically explained in Ayurveda. <em>Panchamahabhuta</em> are important components of the body. It is the five basic constituents which exist in the universe and human beings; they are <em>Akasha, Vayu, Agni, Jala</em> and <em>Prithvi</em>. The union of <em>Shukra</em> (sperm) and <em>Shonitha</em> (ovum) and <em>Atma</em> (soul) in the <em>Kukshi</em> (uterus) is designated as <em>Garbha</em> (embryo). The five <em>Mahabhuta</em> (basic elements) play a important role in formation, development and maintenance of <em>Garbha</em> (embryo). The five elements refer to etheric, gaseous, radiant, fluid and solid states of matter. <em>Mahabhutha</em> plays an important role in <em>Garbhautpatti</em> (embryogenesis). It helps in separation and segregation of cell mass, nourishment, structural development etc. The present work is to study the concept of these five elements in embryogenesis.</p> Prathima, Hadimane Sushmitha S Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1595 Wed, 25 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800 A CRITICAL REVIEW ON GUILLAIN BARRE SYNDROME (ACUTE INFLAMMATORY DEMYELINATING POLYNEUROPATHY- AIDP) AND THEIR MANAGEMENT https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1684 <p>Guillain- Barre Syndrome is serious health problem, that occurs when the body`s defence system mistakenly attacks parts of the nervous system. In about 50% of people with these syndrome symptoms begin about 5 days to 3 weeks after a mild infection symptoms include weakness and pin and needle sensation or loss of sensation. It is form of polyneuropathy that cause one episode of increasing muscle weakness. Weakness is more prominent than abnormal sensation reflex. Usually weakness begins both legs and moves up the body. In GBS, the body`s immune system attacks the myelin sheath which surround the axon of many nerves and enable nerve impulses to travel quickly. It may lead to life threatening complication in particular if respiratory muscles are affected or if the autonomic nervous system is involved. Worldwide, the annual incidence is about 0.6- 4.0 occurrences per 1,00,000 people. Electromyography and nerve conduction studies can help confirm the diagnosis. Plasmapheresis or immunoglobulin given intravenously may speed recovery. GBS as such is not correlated with any disease which is described in <em>Ayurveda</em> but pathology of GBS is <em>Vata</em> dominating disorder along with association of<em> Pitta</em> and <em>Kapha dosha</em>. As a precipitating factor produced functions of GI biofire plays an important role by producing<em> Ama</em> like reactive species in genesis of this disease. So at the management of GBS through <em>Ayurveda</em> anti-<em>Vata</em> and anti-<em>Ama</em> measures kept in mind while prescribing the drug.</p> Sahu Abhilasha, Vyas O.P Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1684 Wed, 25 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800 AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF ATROPHIC VAGINITIS WITH CERVICAL INTRAEPITHELIAL NEOPLASIA- A CASE REPORT https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1685 <p>Vaginitis in postmenopausal women is termed as atrophic vaginitis, characterised by vaginal bleeding or spotting, vaginal discharge and discomfort or dryness in vulva. As the symptoms are not usually disclosed by women it may become chronic and can adversely affect the quality of life. In cervical intraepithelial neoplasia the squamous epithelium of cervix is replaced by the cells of varying degree of atypia. Even though CIN1 and CIN2 regress spontaneously, untreated CIN1 and CIN2 lesions may progress to invasive carcinoma. Ayurvedic management for the above conditions focuses on symptomatic relief and improvement of general health and immunity. Oral medication and <em>Sthanika Chikitsa</em> like <em>Kshara Karma</em> and <em>Varthi</em> play vital role in this. A 70 year old lady presented with complaints of burning sensation and itching over genital area. On examination haemorrhagic spots were observed on vaginal walls. She was sent to Early Cancer Detection Centre for cytological screening. The reports showed low grade sqamous intraepithelial lesion. She was managed with oral medications and <em>Sthanika chikitsa</em>. During follow up she was relieved from the symptoms like burning sensation and itching over genital area and vaginal discharge. Bleeding spots on vaginal walls were absent and cytology revealed a negative smear for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy. From this case report it is evidenced that Ayurvedic treatment modality is effective and successful for the management of Atrophic vaginitis with CIN.</p> Giby Thomas, Lakshmi Devi.R Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1685 Wed, 25 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800 CONCEPTUAL STUDY OF ADIPOSOPATHY WITH REFERENCE OF LANGHAN UPAKRAMA FOR HEALTHY LIFE https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1648 <p>Lifestyle in modern era delivers a lot of stress and due to extreme use of&nbsp;<em>Guru</em> (heavy), <em>Madhura</em> (sweet), <em>Snigdha</em> (oily), <em>Shita</em> (cold)&nbsp;<em>Ahar</em>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<em>Vihar</em>&nbsp;like&nbsp;<em>Alashya</em>&nbsp;(stationary),&nbsp;<em>Adhyasana</em>&nbsp;(taking another food before undigested food), <em>Vishamashan</em> (different timing of food) etc, people get suffer with a disease like excessive body fat or&nbsp;sick&nbsp;fat or&nbsp;adiposopathy. Adiposopathy&nbsp;leads to several metabolic diseases. <em>Langhana</em> <em>upakrama</em> (fasting) will be&nbsp;an effective treatment in adiposopathy. Several studies by researchers, assembled to check anatomical and pathophysiological abnormalities of adiposopathy and review of different&nbsp;aspects of <em>Langhana</em> <em>upakrama</em>&nbsp;in&nbsp;<em>Samhita</em>&nbsp;in perspective of metabolic disorders especially due to adiposopathy. Data study shows that on positive energy intake, accumulated subcutaneous&nbsp;adipose&nbsp;tissue, visceral&nbsp;adipose tissue and other fat depots&nbsp;can be&nbsp;pathogenic. This pathogenic adipose tissue causes many metabolic diseases like obesity,&nbsp;type 2&nbsp;diabetes, hypertension, hypothyroidism, liver&nbsp;diseases&nbsp;etc. By the studies of different <em>Samhita</em> we can articulate that&nbsp;<em>Langhana</em>&nbsp;<em>upakrama</em>&nbsp;is able to bring lightness and thinness to body. Finally we can&nbsp;conclude&nbsp;that by the&nbsp;<em>Langhana</em>&nbsp;<em>upakrama</em>&nbsp;body uses all types of sick fat from all fat depots and it can reverse the process of&nbsp;adiposopathy&nbsp;and body becomes healthy.</p> Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Poonam Patel Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1648 Wed, 25 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800 PERSPECTIVE APPROACH TO PSYCHO-SOMATIC DISORDERS IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH CERTAIN MEDICINAL PLANTS IN COVID PANDEMIC https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1686 <p>Psychosomatic disorders have now become a common disease in present global scenario due to Covid pandemic. People are always in panic due to morbidity of the disease whereas the livelihood has become a secondary morbid condition due to economic slowdown. Under the above global scenario almost every person is undergoing certain psychosomatic problems either one or both of the factors.&nbsp; Apart from this, the present trend of competitive and conservative life-style has made young and old person to panic mental situations. The egoistic attitude of the human being and his inability to compromise his desire/demands tends to imbalance of temperament resulting into essential hypertension, insomnia, irritability etc. Ultimately such person becomes addicted to anxiolytic, anti-depressant and tranquilising drugs of modern medicine. Psychiatric disorders are commonly encountered by clinical medicine and the management includes psychotherapy, behavioural therapy, physical treatment with antipsychotic drugs, but the post management leads to addiction or drug dependence along with morbid withdrawal symptoms in patients. In view of problems of dependence specific approach of Ayurvedic concept like <em>Satwavajaya</em> and <em>Daivavyapasraya</em> have provided the light of protection but the practices are still limited due to orthodox beliefs. Some psychotropic drugs like <em>Medhyarasayana</em> etc. in single and compound form are described in classical texts for the management of different mental disorders. The use of herbs to offset these antecedents and outcome has greatly increased in recent years. Not only it is helpful for psychosomatic issues rather it would be helpful at least in such Covid pandemic as because the anti-psychotic drugs are scarce in market due to heavy personal demands. Ayurvedic approach can also create a trend of revitalising herbal preparations keeping behind the hazardous post drug complication. It is an attempt for mainstreaming the Ayurveda in present scenario.</p> Debashree Priyadarshini, Binodini Tripathy, Gopal C Nanda Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/1686 Wed, 25 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0800