International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research <div align="justify"> <p class="para1"><strong>International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research (IJAPR)</strong>&nbsp;is an international peer reviewed Monthly open access Online and Print journal. The aim of the journal is to increase the impact of research in both academic and industry, with strong emphasis on quality and originality. The journal promotes to publish the articles in the field of&nbsp;<strong>Ayurveda, Siddha, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Homeopathy and Allopathy</strong>&nbsp;systems of medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Researchers may submit (1). Original Research Articles (2). Review articles (3). Book Reviews (4). Short Communications/ Research Letter (5). Case Report (6). Letter to the Editor/Correspondence.</p> </div> en-US (Dr B Srinivasulu M.D (Ayu.)) (V Sowmya) Thu, 01 Jul 2021 08:40:37 +0800 OJS 60 CLINICAL STUDY TO EVALUATE EFFECT OF MUSTADI KWATH IN MADHUMEHA <p>The dissertation is entitled “Clinical study to evaluate the effect of <em>Mustadi kwath</em> in <em>Madhumeha.</em> Diabetes mellitus has become a dreadful disease in the era. It is also described in Ayurvedic text in terms of <em>Madhumeha. </em>Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic disease in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period, this high blood sugar produces the symptoms of frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. Untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise, improper medication and urbanization precipitates the disease. In the present study, <em>Mustadi kwath</em> (mentioned in <em>Bhaisjya Ratnawali</em>) was selected for clinical trial. The study comprises of 40 patients of <em>Madhumeha. </em>These patients were randomly selected on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria with detailed clinical history, physical examination and other desired investigation. The duration of study is of 90 days with 15 days follow up. After evaluating therapy it was observed that the ‘<em>Mustadi kwath’</em> provided better relief to the patients of <em>Madhumeha.</em></p> Geetika Arya, Punita Pandey, Priyaranjan Tewari Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0800 MEDICINAL PLANTS USED IN NEERILIVU (DIABETES MELLITUS) IN TRADITIONAL MEDICINE - REVIEW AND ASSESSMENT OF SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCES <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> <em>Sarapenthira&nbsp; vaithiya murailkal (Neerilivu chikitchai) (SVM-NC)</em> is a classic book written in a poetic form. It mentioned the treatment of <em>Neerilivu</em> (Diabetic Mellitus (DM)). According to the mode of administration, Siddha medicines are categorized into two classes; Internal medicine &amp; external medicine. Medicinal plants, Metals and Minerals are used to prepare medicines from ancient times for the treatment of <em>Neerilivu</em> (DM). According to the Siddha literatures signs &amp; symptoms of <em>Neerilivu</em> can be compared with Diabetic Mellitus in modern aspect. Diabetic Mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder. Many drugs are mentioned for the treatment of <em>Neerilivu</em> (DM) in <em>SVM-NC</em>. <strong>Aim:</strong> The aim of the study is to identify the types of Siddha drugs and its ingredients from <em>SVM-NC </em>and research article. Data were collected, tabulated and analysed. This information was used to identify the medicinal plants that are being used in the management of <em>Neerilivu</em> (DM) in the traditional medicine. <strong>Results and Discussion:</strong> Eighty-five drugs were identified from the analysis. Out of 85 drugs, 83 drugs (98%) are used as internally and 2 drugs (2%) are externally. Among the 85 Internal medicine, 28 (33%) are <em>chooranum</em>, 20 (24%) are home remedy, 12 (14%) are k<em>udineer</em> and 8 (9%) are <em>vizhuthu</em>. Two external medicines are oil. 124 medicinal plants were identified from 83 internal medicines. 63 Families were identified in 124 medicinal plants. 10% (26) Medicinal plants are belonging to Fabaceae family. From these plants, 34 (27%) plants are used as root, 19 (15%) plants are used as leaves and seeds and 17 (14%) plants are used as bark. These plants have siddha properties; taste (Astringent: 41 (33%), Bitter: 32 (26%), Sweet: 28 (23%)), Potency (Hot: 81 (61%), Cool: 37 (30%)) and Efficacy (Pungent: 68 (55%), Sweet: 50(40%)). Among the 85 drugs, <em>Cassia auriculata, Phyllanthus emblica, Strychnos potatorum, Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica, Sysygium aromaticum </em>and <em>Salacia reticulata </em>are used many times in medicine preparation.&nbsp; Previous researches showed that these ingredients have antidiabetic activity, hepatoprotectives and anti-oxidant. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> This review provides useful documented evidence and scientific evidence on the treatment of <em>Neerilivu</em> (DM) in traditional medicine.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Rakulini Raveendran, S. Sundararajan, S. Victoria, A. Balamurugan, M. Muthukumaran Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Wed, 30 Jun 2021 23:27:58 +0800 COCCINIA INDICA (KUNDRU): A MAGICAL HERB WITH ANTIDIABETIC POTENTIAL <p>Many traditional medicines are obtained mainly from medicinal plants, minerals and organic matter. During the past many years, there has been increasing interest among the uses of various medicinal plants from the traditional system of medicine for the treatment of different ailments. <em>Coccinia indica </em>is one such important medicinal plant which belongs to the family Cucurbitaceae. It is extensively used as a vegetable and grown widely throughout the Indian Subcontinent. It is commonly called <em>'Kundra'</em> in India. Traditionally different parts of this plant namely the roots, leaves and fruits are utilized in folklore medicine for several purposes, especially for hypoglycemia and skin diseases. There are many patented formulations derived from <em>Coccinia indica</em> plant. This plant is a primary source from where we get different phytochemicals which are utilized as the main constituent in numerous formulations endorsed for several ailments. <em>Coccinia indica</em> plant possesses many therapeutic activities like antidiabetic, hypolipidemic, hepatoprotective, larvicidal, anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activities. The present review provides adequate information, photochemistry and various medicinal uses of <em>Coccinia indica</em> plant<em>.</em></p> Thakur Shifali, Kaurav Hemlata, Chaudhary Gitika Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:09:03 +0800 A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW ON HANUGATA AVEDHYA SIRA <p><strong>Introduction: </strong><em>Siravedhana</em>, is an important para surgical procedure to withdraw the vitiated blood from body but before performing it the knowledge of <em>Avedhya Sira</em> is mandatory as any injury to these can cause disability or even death. There is total 98 <em>Avedhya Sira </em>in the body. Out of which two are pertaining to the region of<em> Hanu</em>. Any injury to these can cause similar consequences. But the exact location and the structural entity pertaining to it is not clearly mentioned in the classic texts.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods: </strong>Conceptual study carried out by reviewing classical texts, contemporary science, journals, published research works.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>On the lateral aspect of the head near the anterior margin of the auricle in front of the tragus, the Maxillary artery and Pterygoid venous plexus can be considered as <em>Hanugata</em> <em>Avedhya</em> <em>Sira </em>based on their location and <em>Viddha Lakshana</em>.</p> Sanchita, Thomas Anju Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:14:31 +0800 AYURVEDIC HERBAL MEDICINES ON BURN WOUND: A REVIEW <p>Burn injuries are under-appreciated injuries that are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Burn wound healing is a complicated process that includes inflammation, re-epithelialization, granulation, neovascularization, and wound contraction. Initial treatment of burn wounds aims at preventing infection and early wound healing. Properties like antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antibacterial are also helps in wound healing. The level of severity of the burn is of the utmost importance. Third degree burns require immediate medical attention while studies suggest that a number of natural remedies may aid in the treatment of first- and second-degree burns. The basic concepts and principles of management of burn injury is described in Ayurveda are very much relevant and useful in this era of modern surgery. There are so many herbs mentioned in Ayurveda classics are found to have properties like <em>Dagdhahara, Vrana prasamana, Pittahara, Varnaprasadana, Twacya</em> etc which contributes to burn wound healing. More recently, scientists increasingly rely on modern scientific methods and evidence based medicine to prove efficacy of herbal medicine and focus on better understanding of mechanisms of their action. The purpose of this article is to review the evidence supporting the use of some of the Ayurvedic herbal drugs and formulations as effective and affordable treatments for burn wounds.</p> Anusha P, Jyolsna G Krishna Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:26:59 +0800 BRAHMI (BACOPA MONNIERI)– A POTENTIAL AYURVEDIC COGNITIVE ENHANCER AND NEUROPROTECTIVE HERB <p>In Ayurveda, a wide variety of neuroprotective herbal plants have been reported. <em>Brahmi</em>, <em>Bacopa monnieri, </em>belonging to the family<em> Scrophulariaceae, </em>is one of the foremost nootropic and neuroprotective Ayurvedic herb known from ancient times. It is used in the traditional medicinal system to treat various brain related health problems and as a memory enhancer. In the modern era, it is generally used to upgrade memory, learning and to treat tension, depression and other major problems like cardiovascular diseases, gastrointestinal, hepatic, neurological and respiratory problems. There are vast reported studies on the Alzheimer's disease also, <em>Brahmi</em> is known to have anticancer, antidiabetic, mitigating, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. Bacopa plants contain various phytochemicals which include alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides and saponins. Other important constituents present in this plant are bacosides, bacopasides, and bacopa saponins, which are responsible for its therapeutic properties.</p> Shailja Choudhary, Isha Kumari, Shifali Thakur, Hemlata Kaurav, Gitika Chaudhary Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:35:26 +0800 RELEVANCE OF AAHAR VIDHI VIDHAN ACCORDING TO CHARAKA SAMHITA IN MODERN ERA <p>Diseases are caused by various reasons. Faulty habits of taking food is one among them but it has great importance because it directly affects normal body mechanisms. So everyone must have to learn how to eat? When to eat? How much quantity? Where to eat? &nbsp;and many more things. Answer to these questions varies according to individuals. Everyone should try to find out it by knowing the basic principles for intake of <em>Aahara.</em> These principles are described in Ayurveda which is applicable in every <em>kaala</em>. So here tried to elaborate such principle of Ayurveda known as <em>Aahar Vidhi Vidhan.</em></p> Bharat L. Jamaiwar, Shamshirkhan Pathan Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Thu, 01 Jul 2021 00:52:27 +0800 A REVIEW ON SIDDHA SASTRIC MEDICINES EFFECTIVE IN COVID-19 MANAGEMENT AT TPEC COVID CARE CENTRE, VELLORE <p>Covid-19 is a novel virus that occurs in humans and travels globally very rapidly from person to person. Coronavirus disease is a critical challenge in high population countries such as India. The rising expense of western medicine and its adverse reactions has become an important challenge against Covid-19. Nowadays the traditional medical system and its preparations are for various ailments becoming more popular. South Asia's one of the ancient medicine is the Siddha system of medicine. <em>Kaba Sura Kudineer</em> (KSK) has become a popular Siddha medicine on this pandemic. Previously, <em>Nilavembu Kudineer</em> (NVK) is being used more often during dengue fever, Chikungunya, and swine flu outbreaks, which reduced the mortality rate also. Some other medicines, too, are immensely beneficial. Due to a lack of modern antiviral medications, conventional medical systems in respective countries are now becoming known therapeutics, as a consequence of the pandemic. The second wave of Covid-19 is more virulent than the previous first wave. When compared to the previous, the rate of infection transmission and mortality was also higher. Over the next months, India will be targeted by the third and fourth waves of the Coronavirus infection, posing a greater threat to public health. As a result, some Siddha medicines which are administered and observed in Covid Care Centers reported satisfactory clinical outcomes and feedback reports. To justify the formulations, an attempt has been carried out to analyze the ingredients of medicines using textual evidence. This will enable researchers to evaluate the formulations to explore them in further research.</p> Thillaivanan.S, Mubarak H, Susikannamma.S, Parthiban P Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Thu, 01 Jul 2021 01:08:56 +0800 RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA AND ITS AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT <p>Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a group of diseases involving progressive degeneration of photoreceptor cells of retina. Usually, it starts in mid periphery and advancing towards the macula and fovea centralis. Visual symptoms are nyctalopia (night blindness), tubular vision and reduced visual field. Symptoms of RP mostly starts on early teen age and sever visual loss occurs at ages of 40 to 50 years. RP has worldwide prevalence of 1:3000 to 1:7000 people. Males are more affected than female in ratio of 3:2.<em> Nakulandhya </em>and<em> Shleshmavidagdha Drishti</em> explained under <em>Drishtigata Roga </em>in Ayurvedic literature. These two are described as <em>Sannipataja Syadhi </em>and<em> Kaphaj Vyadhi</em> respectively. They have close resemblance with retinitis pigmentosa in their symptomatology. In current era treatment for RP includes Gene therapy, retinal implants, Neurotrophic factor, stem cells, retinal transplants. But these treatment options are not specific and satisfactory and expensive. All these treatments are still in their early stages of research and development.<em> Ayurvedic Panchakarma</em> therapies and <em>Kriyakalpa</em> therapies can help to regulate vitiated<em> Doshas </em>and provide nourishment and strength to ocular tissue. These therapies can help to maintain the existing vision of patient and reduce progression of RP.</p> Amrut.S. Salunke, Sonali Sunil Tadasarkar, Adarsh Ramkalap Sharma Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Thu, 01 Jul 2021 01:16:20 +0800 STUDY OF GRIDHRASI AS SCIATICA AND ROLE OF SCIATICA NERVE (GRIDHRASI) <p><em>Gridhrasi</em> is such an entity enumerated into eighty types of <em>Nanatmaja Vataj Vyadhies</em>. It is characterized by its distinct pain emerging from buttock and goes towards the heel of afflicted area. On the basis of symptom complex it can be broadly correlated with disease Sciatica in modern science. Ayurveda is a simple practical science of life and its principles are universally applicable to each individual for day to day life. Ayurveda speaks of every elements and facts of human life. Each and every human being desires to live happy and comfortable life but it is not possible owing to multiple factors related with changing lifestyle, environmental factors etc. As the advancement of busy professional and social life improper sitting posture in offices, factories, continuous and over exertion, jerk movements during travelling and sports. All these factors create undue pressure to the spinal cord and play a chief role in producing low back ache and Sciatica<em>.</em></p> Varinder Kaur, Subhash Upadhyay, Sakshi Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0800 NUTRITION IN AYURVEDA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO NITYASEVANEEYA AND ANITYASEVANEEYA DRAVYAS <p>It is an undeniable fact that food choices make a huge impact on health of an individual. 21<sup>st</sup> century has witnessed an increase in incidences of non-communicable chronic diseases also known as lifestyle diseases. One of the major factors responsible for it is the unhealthy food habits. Thus, it is the need of the hour to understand more about the right food choices for daily nutrition.</p> <p>Ayurveda explains about of nutrition under <em>Pathyapathya</em>. Ayurveda emphasizes the importance of <em>Pathyapathya</em> in the maintenance of health as well as management of diseases. <em>Nityasevaneeya dravyas</em>, are the food items which are ideal for regular use like green gram <em>(Mudga)</em>, ghee <em>(Go ghruta)</em>, honey <em>(Madhu)</em>. These help to promote and maintain health as well as prevent diseases. At the same time <em>Anitya sevaneeya dravyas</em>, are those food articles which are not suitable for regular use like Paneer <em>(Kurchika)</em>, curd <em>(Dadhi)</em>, black gram <em>(Masha)</em>. These food items on regular consumption can lead to many diseases. In this study a detailed review of each drug mentioned under <em>Nitya sevaneeya</em> and <em>Anityasevaneeya dravyas</em> both in Ayurveda and contemporary science are done. Review indents to highlight the scientific background behind each food article to re-establish their relevance in today’s time.</p> Parvathy B, Neelakanta J Sajjanar, Gopalakrishna G Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Thu, 01 Jul 2021 02:04:48 +0800 CONCEPTUAL STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF MOORVADI CHOORNAM IN POST CHEMOTHERAPY COMPLICATIONS <p>Cancer, a disease which has enormously multiplied over a last few decades, put to suffer tens of millions of people all over the world irrespective of gender, age or colour. The incidence of patients with cancer in India among males was 94.1 per 100,000 and among females 103.6 per 100,000 in the year 2020. 1 in 9 Indians develop cancer during their life time. Now days, the survival rate of cancer is much better due to vigorous interventions. Chemotherapy, is one of the main tool to kill the rapidly growing cancer cells. i.e., it shows its poisonous effect or simply they are poisons. The effect of chemo drugs on normal cells often causes many side effects. In fact the administration of chemo drugs results in the accumulation of poisons that shows symptoms like hair fall, mouth sores, fatigue, loss of appetite etc. Many complications develop after chemotherapy due to <em>Dhatuagnimandya</em> occurring as a result of the accumulation of <em>Garavisha </em>(artificial poison). Most of the complications noticed are similar to <em>Garavisha lakshanas</em> such as <em>Pandu, Alpagni, Durbalatha</em> etc. <em>Acharya </em>mentioned the <em>yoga </em>“<em>Moorvadichoornam</em>” with proper <em>Anupana, </em>which is specified for indigestion due to <em>Garavisha</em> consisting of drugs with many properties to compensate the side effect of chemotherapy. In this paper, a conceptual study is proposed to evaluate the effect of <em>Moorvadi choornam</em> in post chemotherapeutic complications. Signs of <em>Agnimandya</em> is very clear at the level of <em>Dhatus</em> and this drug combination is expected to act at <em>Jadaragni</em> and <em>Dhatuagni </em>level<em>.</em></p> Aswathi G, C.K.Krishnan Nair, Prasanth S.R, Jayakrishnan P.G Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0800 AN EXPLORATION OF NABHI AS AN ANATOMICAL LANDMARK IN AYURVEDA <p>Ayurveda is a scientific text which covers all aspects of <em>Rachana</em> <em>Sharir</em> and <em>Kriya</em> <em>Sharir. </em>This<em> Sharir </em>is now-a-days modernized as Anatomy and Physiology. To understand anatomy the primary knowledge of anatomical landmarks is essential. Reference points located by visual inspection, palpation, or computer assistance are useful in localizing structures on or within the human body are called Anatomical landmarks. These are frequently used by Anatomists and clinicians to guide both diagnosis and treatment. In Ayurveda, the concept of Anatomical landmark is already present but in scattered manner. The concept of <em>Nabhi</em> in Ayurveda is many folded concept which needs more exploration. It can be considered as <em>Koshthanga</em>, as <em>Marma</em>, as <em>Sira &amp; Dhamani Prabhava Sthana</em>, as an anatomical landmark and many more. In this paper an attempt has been made to collect references related to <em>Nabhi</em> from various <em>Samhitas</em> indicating it as an anatomical landmark and by analyzing these references logically, the concept of <em>Nabhi</em> as an important landmark has been established and reconstructed in accordance with modern Anatomical landmark categories.</p> Rashi Sharma, Sunil Kumar, Saurabh Jain Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Thu, 01 Jul 2021 02:44:50 +0800 A CONCEPTUAL STUDY OF VYANGA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO MELASMA <p>Ayurveda is the best way to deal with it as it cures the root cause of any problem. According to Ayurveda skin diseases are caused by imbalance of <em>Doshas </em>and therefore treatment depends on imparting harmony and balance for the individual. In Ayurveda skin diseases are included under the heading of <em>Kushta </em>and <em>Kshudrarogas</em>. <em>Vyanga </em>is one among the <em>Kshudra rogas</em>, even though <em>Vyanga </em>is a <em>Kshudraroga </em>it produces a great misery for the person due to dark discoloration of the skin, mostly over the face, occasionally on neck and rarely in forearms. <em>Vyanga </em>is a pathological situation of the facial skin which is produced due to the vitiation of <em>Vata, Pitta, Rakta </em>and <em>Manasika Nidanas </em>such as <em>Krodha </em>(anger), <em>Shoka </em>(sorrow), and <em>Ayasa </em>(mental exertion) are main culprits, these producing cardinal features such as <em>Niruja </em>(painless), <em>Tanu </em>(thin) and <em>Shyavavarna Mandalas </em>(bluish black colour patches). The <em>Lakshanas </em>of <em>Vyanga </em>are explained by different authors in the classical texts of Ayurveda under the heading of <em>Kshudra rogas</em>, <em>Sushruta samhita</em>, <em>Ashtanga samghraha</em>, <em>Madhava nidana</em>, <em>Ashtanga hrudaya</em>, <em>Bhava prakasha</em>, <em>Sharangadhara samhita</em>. In the context of <em>Vyanga </em>both <em>Shodhana </em>and <em>Shamana chikitsa </em>are explained in the form of <em>Raktamokshana, Lepa, Abhyanga,</em> and oral medications. <em>Vyanga </em>is correlated with melasma in the modern aspects, it is a chronic, acquired cutaneous characterised by hypopigmented patches on sun exposed areas of the face. <em>Ayurveda </em>cures the root cause of any problem. Any activity that increases the fire or heat in the body increase <em>Pitta </em>and can lead to skin diseases.</p> Mamatha S.M, Jayanthi C, Raghuveer Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0800 NEUROLOGICAL UNDERSTANDING OF SHAD CHAKRA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO VATA DOSHA <p><em>Chakra</em> are believed to be part of subtle body, thought to vitalize the physical and mental status of an individual. <em>Muladhara, Swadhishtana, Manipura, Anahata, Vishuddha</em> and <em>Ajna</em> are called <em>Shadchakra</em>. Ayurveda is based on <em>Tridosha Sidhantha</em>, in which <em>Vata Dosha</em> has prime control over all functions of body, renders <em>Prana</em> to livings. Functions and site of <em>Vata Dosha</em> and <em>Shad Chakra</em> are found to be identical in some constituents. The function of <em>Chakra</em> is to spin and draw in this universal life force energy to keep the spiritual, mental, emotional and physical health of the body in balance. <em>Prana Vata</em> is seen related with <em>Ajna Chakra, Udana Vata</em> with <em>Vishuddha Chakra, Vyana Vata</em> with <em>Anahata Chakra, Samana Vata</em> with <em>Manipura Chakra</em>, <em>Apana Vata</em> with <em>Muladhara </em>and <em>Swadhishtana</em> <em>Chakra</em> respectively<strong>.</strong> <em>Vata Dosha</em> prompts all types of actions, coordinates physical and mental activities, likewise <em>Chakra</em> modulate the flow of subtle energy. Movement of energy is vital to life and the energetic process in body is caused by nervous system. The autonomic and somatic nervous system is most relevant with action of <em>Chakra </em>dealing with involuntary and voluntary response of the body as per need.</p> Jigisha.P.S, Uma B. Gopal, Remya.K.Simon, Sanchita Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Thu, 01 Jul 2021 03:03:39 +0800 STUDY OF TRAUMA ON ASTHI W.S.R TO ASTHIBHAGNA <p>Ayurvedic science is being popularized worldwide. It has established history for the management of <em>Bhagna</em> in <em>Sushruta Samhita</em>. Ayurvedic philosophy is specific pertaining to the body constitution. The human body is composed of <em>Dhatus</em>. “<em>Asthi</em>” <em>Dhatu</em> is one of the main <em>Dhatu</em> in human body. “<em>Asthi</em>” is hard substance which remains even after most part of body has been decayed. Ayurvedic science has established history of trauma to <em>Asthi</em> (<em>Asthibhagna</em>). Ayurveda has aimed high for maintaining normal structure and function of deformed bones. It is high time to re-establish it by adopting proper research and methodology. The skeletal injuries are important incidences in human beings and they demand immediate management. The branch of science that deals with deformities of bones is known as Orthopedics, aimed for “maintenance of normal structure and function of deformed bones.” While bones are very strong they can break. Most often, breaks happen because the bone runs into a strong force, also repetitive force like from running can fracture a bone. High energy trauma result in bone fractures whether it is isolated fracture or dislocation. When a person goes through some form of trauma, as car accident or fall, the impact may break or fracture the bone. The bone fracture may be the result of high force impact or a result of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones such as Osteoporosis. Fracture is properly termed pathologic fracture but not trauma.</p> Varinder Kaur, Subhash Upadhyay, Sakshi Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0800 AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF CHRONIC LIVER DISEASE (CLD) –AN ANALYTICAL REVIEW <p>Liver controls our whole body activities. Liver cirrhosis is a most common medical problem today. One and the chief cause of it is chronic alcoholic consumption. Excessive and prolonged use of alcohol affects every organ of the body. Although liver, heart and kidney are most affected due to heavy consumption, alcohol induced liver cirrhosis is a life threatening condition in maximum cases. More than 50% people of in India rely on Ayurveda and herbal medicine for liver diseases. More than three hundred herbo-mineral preparations are available in Ayurvedic system of medicine for the treatment of jaundice and chronic liver diseases. Ayurveda plays a master role in the fast and safe recovery of damaged liver. Liver cirrhosis can be correlated to <em>Kumbhakamala</em> in Ayurveda w.s.r. etiology, symptoms, complications and line of treatment. Ayurvedic drugs helps in rejuvenating the liver and minimizing the complications of cirrhosis such a liver cancer, fulminant hepatitis and prevents the chronicity of the disease. In the present article, analytical review of liver disorders and its management in Ayurveda has been evaluated.</p> Rita Kumari Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Wed, 30 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0800