International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr <div align="justify"> <p class="para1"><strong>International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research (IJAPR)</strong>&nbsp;is an international peer reviewed Monthly open access Online and Print journal. The aim of the journal is to increase the impact of research in both academic and industry, with strong emphasis on quality and originality. The journal promotes to publish the articles in the field of&nbsp;<strong>Ayurveda, Siddha, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Homeopathy and Allopathy</strong>&nbsp;systems of medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Researchers may submit (1). Original Research Articles (2). Review articles (3). Book Reviews (4). Short Communications/ Research Letter (5). Case Report (6). Letter to the Editor/Correspondence.</p> </div> en-US editor@ijapr.in (Dr B Srinivasulu M.D (Ayu.)) Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 OJS 3.1.2.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Preparation and Physico-Chemical Analysis of Agnikumara Rasa (B.R Jwaradhikara) Prepared with Variation in Number of Bhavana (Levigation) https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2462 <p><em>Rasasastra</em>&nbsp;is a specialised branch of Ayurveda that deals with <em>Rasa </em><em>dravyas</em> which include <em>Visha dravyas </em>used for the preparation of therapeutically potent medicines<strong>.</strong><strong>&nbsp;</strong><em>Agnikumara rasa&nbsp;</em>of<em>&nbsp;Bhaishajya Ratnavali Jwara adhikara</em>&nbsp;reference is one such herbal formulation that contains a major proportion of&nbsp;<em>Shodhita Vatsanabha</em>&nbsp;and other ingredients of&nbsp;<em>Maricha, Vacha, Kushta, Mushta,&nbsp;</em>and<em>&nbsp;Ardraka.</em>&nbsp;It is a&nbsp;<em>Kharaliya yoga</em>&nbsp;(a formulation prepared in mortar) prepared by <em>Bhavana samskara </em>(levigation). As the number of levigation is not mentioned, three samples were prepared by doubling the number of&nbsp;<em>Bhavana </em>(levigation) of the preceding sample and physico-chemical analysis of these samples was done and compared. In <em>Charaka samhita Vimanasthana, Acharya</em>&nbsp;has explained the relevance of&nbsp;<em>Samskara</em>&nbsp;for imparting new&nbsp;<em>Gunas </em>(properties) and thereby potentiating the drug. The present study was done to identify a better analytical profile among the samples. It was found that some of the analytical parameters like hardness, disintegration time were modified with&nbsp;<em>Bhavana</em>&nbsp;which may increase the bioavailability of the drug and thereby its therapeutic potency.</p> Keerthana Madappattu, R Rajam Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2462 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Physico Chemical Analysis of Asanavilwadi Tila Tailam and Asanavilwadi Kera Tailam https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2426 <p><em>Taila</em> <em>Kalpana</em>- A liquid dosage form of Ayurveda used for both external and internal application, has an important role in clinical practice. <em>Asanavilwadi</em> <em>taila</em> is a preparation mentioned in <em>Sahasrayogam</em> <em>taila</em> <em>prakaranam</em> and in <em>Chikitsa</em> <em>manjari</em> <em>Siro</em> <em>roga</em> <em>chikitsa. </em>It is used in the treatment of diseases of eye, ear and head and found to be very effective. Based on the data collected about the production of <em>Asanavilwadi</em> <em>tailam</em> from various manufacturing companies, it was noted that large amount of <em>Asanavilwadi</em> <em>tila</em> <em>tailam </em>and <em>Asanavilwadi kera tailam</em> are produced. In the present scenario there is increase in the number of manufacturing companies, increased production of formulations and there is decreased availability of raw drugs. So, it is necessary to confirm the genuinity of formulations available in the market. But <em>Asanavilwadi tailam</em> has not been standardized yet in API. This work was initiated to develop a standard analytical parameter for <em>Asanavilwadi</em> <em>tila</em> <em>tailam </em>and <em>Asanavilwadi kera tailam</em>. <em>Asanavilwadi taila</em> is prepared both in the media of <em>Tila</em> taila and <em>Kera tailam</em> as both samples are used for clinical practice and physico-chemical analyses were done. Standard analytical protocol proposed by Pharmacopoeial Laboratory of Indian Medicine (PLIM) and Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India were taken as the study tool.</p> Minu Krishnan, Kiran Sarma Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2426 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Standardisation of Various Processes in the Preparation of Kousheyashma Bhasma Accounting its Clinical Utility https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2423 <p>Asbestos, one among the inosilicate group of minerals is listed under the <em>Sikatha varga</em> (Silicate compounds) in the Rasasastra treatises, in the name, <em>Kousheyashma</em>. Though the asbestos is vastly used for commercial purposes, it is not found to be used in clinical practices owing to its toxicity. But in Ayurveda, Acharyas have opined that by the judicious usage, even the poison can be bestowed medicinal value. And hence, after undergoing appropriate pharmaceutical processes as mentioned in the treatises, <em>Kousheyashma </em>can be effectively administered in <em>Bhasma</em> (after incineration) form in the treatment of various ailments like leucorrhoea, painful micturition, inflammation of urinary tract, menorrhagia.</p> <p>In this work, an attempt is made to expose the hidden medicinal values of asbestos by converting it into <em>Bhasma</em> form. <em>Kousheyashma</em> is a very cost effective and potent medicine which could be effectively used by Ayurvedic practitioners. In the present work, conversion of raw <em>Kousheyashma</em> into medicinal <em>Bhasma</em> form is discussed elaborately. The processes involved includes <em>Sodhana</em> and <em>Marana</em> of <em>Kousheyashma</em>. The liquid media used for the purpose of <em>Sodhana</em> was <em>Gomutra</em> and for <em>Marana</em> purpose, <em>Harithamanjari swarasa</em> was used. Three <em>Putas </em>were required to obtain <em>Kousheyashma bhasma</em> which satisfied the <em>Bhasma pareekshas</em>.</p> Nileena J Prabhash; Anand S Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2423 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Conceptual Review on Shilajathu - An Ayurvedic Perspective https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2416 <p><em>Rasasastra</em> is a branch of science deals with metals and minerals, <em>Shilajathu</em> (Bitumen) is one of the important herbo mineral drug in <em>Rasasastra. </em>It is also known as black bitumen or Asphaltum punjabinum, considered as mineral pitch. <em>Shilajathu</em> is widely used for treating number of diseases in various systems of medicine. It is an exudate of rocks having blackish brown colour, has been mentioned in <em>Samhitas</em> since ancient times. <em>Shilajathu</em> was described by almost all the Acharyas in their classical text books. Especially in <em>Rasasastra</em> text books, <em>Shilajathu</em> was included under <em>Maharasa, Uparasa, Dhatu varga,</em> <em>Suvarnadi varga</em>, <em>Paradati varga</em>. Description of different types of <em>Shilajathu </em>and their properties was seen in classics. Acharyas explained about the genuinity test of <em>Shilajathu</em>, various <em>Sodhana </em>procedures also mentioned for removing the impurities and make fit for consumption. <em>Marana</em> (incineration) and <em>Satvapatana</em> (extraction of essence) are not necessary for <em>Shilajathu</em>, whereas <em>Guna</em> (property), <em>Karma</em> (action), <em>Matra</em> (dose) of<em> Shilajathu</em> was available in literatures. For curing various diseases <em>Shilajathu</em> administered along with different <em>Anupanas </em>(adjuvant), it is considered as panacea. It is the one of the ingredients of various Ayurveda formulations and has <em>Rasayana</em> (rejuvenation) property. In this article, an attempt has made to summarize the wide range of description of <em>Shilajathu</em> available in various Ayurveda classics.</p> Anju Elsa Roy, T.V Sreeni Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2416 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 A Review on the Probable Mode of Action of Agnikumara Rasa (B.R Jwaradhikara) - An Ayurvedic Herbal Formulation With Multifaceted Action https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2463 <p>In Ayurveda, <em>Agnimandya</em> (reduced digestive power) is considered as a root cause for all diseases. <em>Agnikumara rasa </em>(<em>B.R Jwaradhikara)</em> is a well-known Ayurvedic formulation used by Ayurvedic practitioners that increases <em>Agni</em> (digestive fire) and is indicated in various diseases with specific <em>Anupana</em> (adjuvant). There are 6 constituents in this formulation and is indicated in the management of vitiation of <em>Kapha</em> and <em>Vata</em> humor. On analysing the properties of the ingredients, it was found that it is predominant of <em>Katu rasa</em> (pungent taste), <em>Thikta rasa</em> (bitter taste), <em>Laghu</em> (light), <em>Ruksha </em>(dry), <em>Tikshna</em> (sharp) properties, <em>Ushna virya</em> (hot potency), <em>Katu vipaka</em> (pungent taste after bio-transformation). These therapeutic properties are responsible for pharmacological actions of the formulation. This review paper is an attempt to analyse the mode of action of this formulation which gives a deep insight about the usage of the formulation with a better understanding, so that the physician can use the formulation according to his logic in conditions other than indicated.</p> Keerthana Madappattu, R. Rajam Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2463 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Physico-Chemical Analysis of Panchagavya Ghritha Prepared as per Ashtanga Hridaya Reference and Comparison with Market Samples https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2437 <p><em>Panchagavya Ghritha </em>is a widely used Ayurvedic formulation mentioned in A<em>shtanga Hridaya Utharastana Apasmara Patishedha </em>indicated in conditions like <em>Apasmara </em>(epilepsy), <em>Jwara </em>(pyrexia), and <em>Kamala </em>(jaundice). It contains 5 ingredients namely <em>Goshakrit rasa </em>(cow dung juice), <em>Amladadhi </em>(sour curd), <em>Goksheera </em>(cow’s milk), <em>Gomutra </em>(cow’s urine) and <em>Goghritha </em>(ghee). Authentic sources of cow products are not often obtained and found adulterated. Collection and processing of fresh raw materials are an important area in this formulation This study was conducted to find out the non conformances and quality issues in <em>Panchagavya ghritha </em>production in industrial level. The comparative analysis of prepared and market samples based on standard analytical parameters proposed by PLIM reveals the variation in different organoleptic characters and physico-chemical parameters. The physico-chemical parameters among prepared and different companies were statistically analysed with ANOVA test and Scheffe’s pair wise comparison, showed significant difference at 0.01 levels.</p> Lakshmi P N, Sreeni T V Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2437 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Milagu Related Siddha Formulations Indicated for Various Ailments - A Literature Review https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2448 <p><em>Siddha</em> system of medicine is one of the traditional systems of medicine indigenous to south India. It is a treasure house of secret science, embodying the results of the researches done by the ancient Siddhars. In Siddha system of medicine 32 types of internal and 32 types of external medicines are used for management of diseases, which includes herbs, minerals, metallic salts and animal products. One among the herb is <em>Milagu </em>(piper nigrum) which is a perennial woody plant cultivated mainly for its fruits. It contains phytochemicals such as piperine, piperidine, pyrrolidines, safrole etc and possesses antioxidant, antihistaminic and bronchodilator properties. In siddha system of medicine <em>Milagu</em> is used in numerous poly herbal formulations which are effective in treating various ailments. This literature review aimed to analyze and summarize some of the literatures which mention <em>Milagu</em> as component of medicine for the treatment of ailments. About 276 <em>Milagu</em> related preparations were reviewed from various <em>Siddha</em> literatures. From the results of this review, there were 237 internal medicine, 31 external medicine and 8 were of both types, from which <em>Chooranam </em>and<em> Thailam </em>are highest in internal and external medicine respectively. This literature review gives elaborate documentary evidence related to <em>Milagu </em>and its medicinal uses which will be very much useful for the Siddha community</p> R Thiyagarajan, P Kalaimohan, S Iyswarya, S Tamilselvi, S Mathukumar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2448 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Effect of Intranatal Yoga on Base Line Fetal Tachycardia https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2458 <p>Pregnancy is an important time period during reproductive cycle of every woman. WHO has set about certain guidelines, in the care of pregnant ladies it’s called as Antenatal care The main aim of this care is to provide an uneventful antenatal period and there by producing a healthy offspring. Intrapartum period also plays a major role in determining the health status of both mother and fetus. Most of the discomforts in the mother can be directly visualized as well as interrupted from her vitals. But in the case of fetus the intrauterine discomforts can be interrupted only from assessing the fetal heart rate. When the fetal heart rate rises above 160/min it is called as fetal tachycardia. This rise in FHR can affect both mother as well as the fetus. The cause should be identified as early as possible and prompt management should be provided. Yoga provides physical as well as mental wellbeing through a holistic approach. It comprises of<em> Pranayama</em> and <em>Asanas</em> which can bring positive effect on the health status of the pregnant woman as well as results in the good outcome of labor. The main reason for tachycardia here was maternal anxiety and stress. Intranatal yoga works very efficiently here and thereby corrects the fetal tachycardia</p> Shahinamole.S, Maragathavalli.P Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2458 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 An Evidence-Based Review on Shirodhara: A Unique Panchakarma Therapy https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2434 <p><em>Shirodhara</em> is a procedure consisting of continuous pouring of a stream of medicated oil, milk, buttermilk, etc. on the forehead of the patient from a specific height for a specified period.<em> Acharya Vagbhatta </em>has described four types of <em>Murdha Tail </em>i.e.<em>, Abhyanga, Parishek, Pichu, </em>and<em> Shirobasti, </em>which is successively more beneficial than the previous one. <em>Shirodhara </em>or <em>Shiroparishechan </em>is one of them<em>. </em>Indication of <em>Shirodhara </em>was found in our ancient textbooks in various diseases like <em>Ardhavabhedaka, Suryavarta, Ardita, Pakshaghata, Hanugraha, Akshishula, Nidranasha, Shirogata Vata </em>and<em> Shirahkampa.</em></p> <p>In the modern era, it is a very widely used <em>Panchakarma </em>therapy and in this review article, an evidence-based approach is used to define the type, procedure, indication contraindication, mode of action, complications and management and evidence of efficacy etc. of <em>Shirodhara</em>. Based on evidence <em>Shirodhara</em> has been found effective in various disorders like Insomnia, Psoriasis, ADHD in children, <em>Shirah Shoola</em>, essential hypertension, cerebral ischemic stroke and premature ejaculation when accompanied with other treatment modalities. <em>Shirodhara</em> was found effective on subjective as well as scientific parameters or modern biochemical markers parameters in various studies. </p> Kuldeep, Shaizi layeeq, Amit Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2434 Tue, 09 Aug 2022 19:26:20 +0800 Management of Gastric Ulcer w.s.r. Annadrava Shool in Ayurveda: A Case Study https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2439 <p><em>Annadrava shoola</em> is one of the diseases of the alimentary canal in which there is colic occurs after digestion, during digestion or at any time and Patient feels relief after vomiting. It can be said gastric ulcer on the basis of its signs and symptoms.</p> <p>Gastric ulcers are most commonly located&nbsp;on the lesser curvature, whereas duodenal ulcers are most common at the duodenal bulb. The ulcer is round to oval with a smooth base. Acute ulcers have regular borders, while chronic ulcers have elevated borders with inflammation. An ulcer extends beyond the muscularis mucosa. Ayurveda encourages lifestyle interventions and natural therapies to regain a balance between the body, mind and the environment. In this paper, a case study on <em>Annadrava shoola </em>has been explained<em>.</em> A female patient of 42 years of age came to the <em>Kayachikitsa</em> OPD (OPD REG.no-6836) Government Ayurvedic College and Hospital, Patna-03 having complain of pain and burning sensation in abdomen for 5 months as well as irregular bowel evacuation (&gt;3episode) in the last 3 months. The nature of pain was gradual on onset and burning type and exaggerated after meal. On the basis of history of the patient and endoscopy report, he was diagnosed as gastric ulcer and pan gastritis. We have done the <em>Shamana Chikitsa</em> for the patient. In <em>Shamana Chikitsa</em> was done with combinations of <em>Sutashekhar Ras</em>, Tab Aciloss and <em>Shatavari Churna</em> for one month. Endoscopy was repeated after one and half months of treatment. Report showed only that the treatment cured the <em>Annadrava shoola </em>(gastric ulcer) of the patient. So, there is hope in Ayurveda for the treatment of <em>Annadrava shoola</em>.</p> Sumit Kumar, Ragini Kumari, Pankaj Kumar, Mamta Kumari, Vijay Bahadur Singh Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2439 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Cauda Equina Compression an Ayurvedic management w.r.s to Gridrasi and Pakwasaya Gata Vata https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2445 <p>Cauda equina compression at the level of L4/L5 or L5/S1 level is a surgical emergency with potentially significant consequences, including motor and sensory dysfunction. The causes include disc herniation, spinal stenosis, cancer, trauma, epidural abscess. The common cause is usually a disc herniation which is most commonly due to trauma, age, connective tissue disorders and congenital disorders. Cauda equina syndrome a disorder caused by compression of the nerve roots in the cauda equina region. This can cause permanent loss of bladder and bowel control if not treated within time. The incidence of a herniated disc is about 5 to 20 cases per 1000 adults annually and is most common in people in their third to the fifth decade of life with a male to female ratio 2:1. If decompressive surgery is delayed, there can be catastrophic consequences for the patient in terms of bladder, bowel and sexual function. In the present case study, a 36 year old female patient who was diagnosed as a case of Cauda Equina compression due to an extruded L4-L5 disc refused to undergo surgery and opted for Ayurvedic treatment. She was admitted in the Kayachikitsa IPD for 45 days. She was treated with the principle of <em>Gridrasi</em> along with <em>Pakwasayagata</em> <em>vata</em>. <em>Deepana</em> <em>pachana</em> and <em>Vasti</em> or <em>Sodhana</em> is the main treatment choice. <em>Rooksha</em> and <em>Snigdha</em> <em>swedas</em> were done which also help to reduce the stiffness and pain. After the management her physical condition and quality of life improved. &nbsp;</p> Sunil John Thykkattil, Suneeshmon M.S, Bindu P.R, Jaseena. T, Sujina V.S Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2445 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Treatment of Common Wart Using a Classical Siddha Formulation Sirattai Thylam: A Case Report https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2447 <p><em>Siddha</em> system of medicine is the philosophy-based medicine that deals with holistic approach to health and soul basically it is a way of life that emphasizes positive mindfulness. The essential life style for healthy living has been instructed in Siddha system, according to the geographical and seasonal varieties. As per Siddha concept there is 32 internal and 32 external medicines. <em>Thylam</em> (medicated oil) was popularly used for various ailments us <em>Mudi thylam</em>, <em>Kudi thylam, Pidi thylam, Thulai thylam, Silai thylam. Sirattai Thylam</em> is prepared by <em>Kuzhi thylam</em> method (destructive distillation method). It can be used for <em>Naatpatta thole noigal</em> (chronic skin diseases), <em>Sori</em> (itches), <em>Padar thaamarai</em> (ring worm), <em>Padaigal</em> (eczema), <em>Thole thadippu</em> (thickening of skin), Useful in mosquito bite scars, sun tan, white heads, sensitive skin, fungal infections. This case study addresses the successful treatment “the wart" (It's a local outgrowth of the epidermal layer of the skin) using <em>Sirattai Thylam</em>.</p> P Kalaimohan, S Iyswarya, S Tamilselvi, S Mathukumar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2447 Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Evaluation of the Efficacy of Rooksha Sweda (Valuka) and Nasyakarma in Manyastambha https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2442 <p><em>Manyastambha</em> is a type of <em>Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhi</em> described under the heading of<em> Vatavyadhi</em>. It is characterized by symptoms like <em>Ruk</em> (pain) and <em>Sthamba</em> (stiffness) in the <em>Manyapradesha</em> (cervical region) of <em>Urdwajatru</em> <em>Pradesha</em>. Similar to this, there is a condition known as Cervical Spondylosis in western science based on symptomatology which is mainly due to the chronic degenerative condition of the cervical spine that affects the vertebral bodies and intervertebral discs of the neck as well as the contents of the spinal canal. The prevalence of cervical spondylosis is around 40% of the world population and may manifest in those as young as 30 years and most commonly in those aged between 40-60 years.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> In the present study, a total of 30 patients were diagnosed with <em>Manyastambha</em> (Cervical Spondylosis). They were randomly assigned to a single group and have been treated by <em>Rooksha Sweda</em> (<em>Valuka</em>) and <em>Bhringaraja Taila Nasya </em>for 7 days with a follow-up of 14 days.</p> <p><strong>Observations:</strong> It was observed in the present study that all subjective and objective parameters in all the 30 patients have shown significance with a p-value &lt;0.01.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> <em>Valuka Sweda</em> and <em>Nasya Karma</em> are highly significant at P&lt;0.001. <em>Rooksha</em> <em>Sweda</em> and<em> Nasya Karma </em>are the safest<em>,</em> simplest and most effective <em>Panchakarma</em> therapies in the management of <em>Manyastambha</em> (Cervical Spondylosis).</p> Sangamesh G Iddalagimath Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2442 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Effect of Lodhradi Lepa in Uterine Prolapse - A Case Report https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2429 <p>Uterine prolapse is a type of pelvic organ prolapse where the supporting pelvic structures of uterus weakens and result in descent of uterus from its normal position. Among them, <em>Prasramsini</em> can be most suitably correlated with 1<sup>st</sup> and 2<sup>nd</sup> degree uterine prolapse. The management principle of pelvic organ prolapse includes <em>Vathika yoniroga chikitsa</em> along with <em>Sthanika chikitsa</em>. Treatment mainly aims at <em>Vathasamana, Brimhana, Sandhana, Balya</em> and strengthening of pelvic floor musculature. <em>Sthanika chikitsa </em>like <em>Yonilepana, Yonipurana, Pichu dharana</em>, etc can be done in pelvic organ prolapse. In <em>Sthanika chikitsa</em>, medicines are applied intravaginally. Vaginal wall and adjacent tissues are extremely vascular and this facilitates absorption of drugs through vagina. Anatomically backward position of vagina helps in self retaining of drugs for a longer duration. In the present case, <em>Yonilepa </em>as <em>Sthanika chikitsa</em> was tried. A 56 year old lady was presented with complaints of urinary incontinence, low back ache, dyspareunia and feeling of mass per vaginum. On examination, she was diagnosed with 1<sup>st</sup> degree uterine descend. USG was done to exclude other pelvic pathologies. Pap smear was done which was – ve for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy. <em>Lodhradi lepa</em> was applied for 7 days in 3 consecutive months. During follow up, she was relieved from symptoms like feeling of mass per vaginum, urinary incontinence, low back ache and dyspareunia. From this case report, it is evident that <em>Yoni lepa</em> is effective for the management of uterine prolapse.</p> Athulya T Paul, Giby Thomas, Maya Balakrishnan Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2429 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Ayurvedic Management of Primary Dysmenorrhea with Abhayatrivrudadi Kashayam- Case Report https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2430 <p>Dysmenorrhea, one of the most prevalent gynaecological problems in young women, particularly among teenagers, characterized by painful menstruation severe enough to prevent a person from doing day-to-day activities. It is the main factor behind young women's missed job and school days of teenagers. Primary dysmenorrhea is widely prevalent in more than 70% of teenagers and 30 -50% of menstruating women. Among <em>Yonirogas, Udavarta yonivyapat</em> is a condition characterized by painful menstruation and the relief of discomfort following blood discharge, which is typical of primary dysmenorrhea. In modern medical science, various forms of treatments are available for the relief of Primary dysmenorrhea which includes antispasmodic, analgesics, prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors, hormonal therapy etc. Reluctance of young girls and ladies to adopt the hormone therapies bring them to Ayurvedic treatment or any other alternative treatment of their choice. Ayurvedic management aims at <em>vatanulomana</em> through <em>Snehana, Swedana, Vasti</em> along with <em>Samana oushadha</em> which can alleviate <em>Vata. Abhayatrivrudadi kashaya</em> mentioned in the context of <em>Udavarta chikitsa </em>from<em> Chikitsa manjari</em> consists of <em>Abhaya, Trivrut, Kulatha, Pippali and Eranda taila.</em> Properties of this yoga include <em>Vatanulomana, Sulaghna </em>and<em> Udavartahara.</em> An 18 year old girl complained with severe pain during menstruation, low back ache, nausea and vomiting came to the OPD of Prasutitantra &amp; Streeroga, Government Ayurveda College, Tripunithura is taken for this study. It is evident from the case study that <em>Abhayatrivrudadi kashaya </em>is effective in the management of primary dysmenorrhea.</p> Athulya.K, Giby Thomas, Jyothi.P.K Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2430 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 A Review on Chukkumthippalyadi Gulika: A Potent Herbo-Mineral Formulation in Jwara https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2438 <p>Rasa Shastra is a branch which deals with mercury, metals, minerals, gems, herbal drugs and various principles of alchemy and metallurgy. The popular books on Kerala Ayurvedic treatment like <em>Sahasrayoga</em> and <em>Chikitsamanjari </em>describes various potent herbomineral formulations. One such <em>Kharaleeya rasayana yoga </em>is<em> Chukkumthippalyadi gulika</em> explained in <em>Jwaraprakarana</em> of <em>Chikitsamanjari</em>. This <em>Yoga</em> has a wide range of therapeutic utility and indicated in <em>Tridoshaja sannipathika jwara. Jwara</em> is the first and the most serious of all diseases so it needs to be specially attended. Ingredients in the formulation include drugs from <em>Maharasa, Uparasa </em>and <em>Sadharana rasa vargikarana</em> of<em> Rasa dravyas </em>which are to be used in the formulation after proper <em>Samskaras</em> like <em>Sodhana</em> and <em>Marana</em>. Few other controversial drugs like <em>Gandhamarjaraveerya</em>, and <em>Mrigasringa</em> are also included in the formulation. Other herbal ingredients include <em>Sunti, Pippali, Bola, Vacha, Jeeraka, Rudraksha, Kiratatikta </em>and<em> Karpoora</em>. Indication of the <em>Yoga</em> specifies<em> Haret Drak Sannipathajwaram</em> depicts its immediate action on <em>Jwarachikitsa.</em> <strong>Aims and Objective:</strong> The main objective of this article is to discuss the therapeutic uses of <em>Chukkumthippalyadi gulika</em>and to discuss the different pharmacological properties and therapeutic uses of isolated constituent drugs of <em>Chukkumthippalyadi gulika </em>thus to raise an awareness of this particular formulation in the healthcare system so that they can be applied to community needs. <strong>Discussion:</strong> Most of the drug in <em>Chukkumthippalyadi gulika</em> is<em> Katu, Tikta rasatmak </em>with<em> Ushna Veerya, Laghu, Ruksha, </em>and <em>Tikshna Gunatmak </em>having<em> Jwarghna </em>property. <strong>Conclusion:</strong><em> Chukkumthippalyadi gulika</em> is a very effective drug, it has multidimensional broad spectrum activity so this can be used in all type of<em> Jwara</em>.</p> Lakshmi P N, Sreeni T V Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2438 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Symptoms Less Status of a Case of Bilateral Nasal Polyposis: A Case Report https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2457 <p>Nasal Polyposis (N.P) is not simply mucosa oedema, but rather grape shaped, smooth, soft, freely mobile mucosal swellings that are often visible on anterior rhinoscopy. Polyps arise from the lateral wall of nose. N.P. may be present without clinically significant sinus disease and vice versa. In Ayurveda, polyposis can be understood with <em>Nasa</em> <em>Arsha.</em> Modern management includes antibiotic, systemic and topical corticosteroids, decongestants and surgery. And lot of chances for recurrence after surgery specially in Ethmoidal polyps. In Ayurveda, various treatment modalities have been proposed for the treatment of <em>Arsha</em> as <em>Shastra karma</em> (operative Procedure), <em>Kshara karma</em> (applying some alkaline drugs), <em>Agni karma</em> (cauterization) and <em>Bhaishaja</em> (conservative/medical treatment). Modern management includes antibiotic, systemic and topical corticosteroids, decongestants and surgery. And lot of chances for recurrence after surgery especially in Ethmoidal polyps. The reported case revealed that B/L ethmoidal polyps are high recurrence rate after surgery and can be managed with Ayurvedic medicine to give sustained relief from symptoms.</p> Manoj Sharma, Swati Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2457 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 A Critical Review of Amalaki- (Emblica Officinalis Gaertn.) in Classical Texts and Promote its Use in Our Life https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2412 <p>The drug <em>Amalaki (Emblica Officinalis Gaertn.</em>) belongs to family Euphorbiaceae, is used since ancient time for therapeutic purposes. It has been used in the traditional Indian medicine of ‘Ayurveda’ for the treatment of a variety of diseases. <em>Amalaki </em>has five <em>Rasa</em> (taste) except <em>Lavana</em> (salt), It is mainly <em>Amla Ras Pradhan.</em> Its <em>Vipaka</em> (taste after digestion) is <em>Madhura</em> (sweet) and <em>Veerya</em> (potency) is <em>Sheeta </em>(cool). Because of these qualities, the plant performs various pharmacological actions such as anti-inflammatory activity, antioxidant activity, immunomodulatory activity, anti-tussive, antiulcer activity, anticancerous activity, anti-diarroheal and spasmolytic, antidiabetic, in reducing cholesterol and dyslipidemia, antimicrobial, anti-asthmatic. It helps to improve physical and mental health, prevents degeneration, extends youth and delays aging or rather reverse the aging process. Various parts of <em>Amalaki</em> has been described in morphology like root, stem, leaf, seed, flower and fruit. Synonyms and their interpretation, Vernacular names, <em>Rasapanchaka</em> and <em>Karma </em>of <em>Amalaki </em>in various <em>Nighantus</em> (<em>Dhanwantri Nighantu, Shodhal Nighantu, Madanpal Nighantu, Bhavprakasha Nighantu, Kaiyadeva Nighantu </em>and <em>Raj Nighantu</em>) has been described. Classical categorization of plant <em>Amalaki</em> in <em>Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita</em> and <em>Ashtanga Hridaya</em> has been explained according to its <em>Karma</em> and this paper presented a comprehensive review of <em>Emblica Officinalis Gaertn</em></p> Shalu Sharma, Om Parkash Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 https://ijapr.in/index.php/ijapr/article/view/2412 Sat, 06 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800