International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research <div align="justify"> <p class="para1"><strong>International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research (IJAPR)</strong>&nbsp;is an international peer reviewed Monthly open access Online and Print journal. The aim of the journal is to increase the impact of research in both academic and industry, with strong emphasis on quality and originality. The journal promotes to publish the articles in the field of&nbsp;<strong>Ayurveda, Siddha, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Homeopathy and Allopathy</strong>&nbsp;systems of medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Researchers may submit (1). Original Research Articles (2). Review articles (3). Book Reviews (4). Short Communications/ Research Letter (5). Case Report (6). Letter to the Editor/Correspondence.</p> </div> International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research en-US International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2322-0902 Microbial Stability of Nayopayam Pravahi Kwatha <p><em>Pancha vidha kashaya kalpana</em> are five basic medicinal preparations mentioned in Ayurveda pharmaceutics, which includes <em>Swarasa, Kalka, Kwatha, Hima and Phanta</em>. They are the different set of extraction procedures. Among them <em>Kwatha Kalpana</em> is most significant and widely used dosage form. This is prepared by boiling of drugs with water in a specific proportion. <em>Pravahi kwatha </em>is concentrated <em>Kashaya </em>obtained by boiling the ingredients in a given amount of <em>Jala</em> (API part 2 volume 4). Addition of preservatives in <em>Pravahi kwatha</em> is permitted as per API. <em>Nayopayam Pravahi kwatha </em>is a decoction prepared with <em>Bala, Jiraka, Shunti</em> in a ratio 10:2:2 (API Part 2 volume 4<em>). Kwatha Kalpana</em> has more chance to get contaminated with microbes as it is an aqueous preparation. Preservatives help to prevent microbial contamination. As per previous researches it was noted that the amount of preservatives in <em>Kwatha</em> preparation is more than the permitted limit. To determine the microbial stability of <em>Nayopayam Pravahi Kwatha,</em> a long-term shelf life study was conducted. Analytical parameters such as microbial contamination, colour, odour, taste, pH, specific gravity, and total solid content were assessed at specified interval. An online survey was conducted among the GMP certified companies in Kerala preparing concentrated<em> Kashayas </em>to collect the details of preservatives in concentrated <em>Kashaya. </em>As per the study it was observed that <em>Pravahi kwatha</em> with double the permitted amount of preservatives was stable only upto 3 months.</p> Resmi Babu S.TharaLakshmi Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 1 6 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2566 Pharmaceutico-Analytical Study of Vishatinduka Taila <p><em>Vishatinduka Tailam</em> is mentioned in context of <em>Vataroga nidhanalakshana chikitshaadhyana</em> of <em>Basavarajiyam</em> text for the treatment of <em>Sarvangasandhiasthigatavata, Amlavata, Sula, Anulomanavayu, Sthambha, Dhanurvata, Kaphajavikaras</em>, severe painful condition of the body, etc., It is prepared with ingredients like <em>Vishatinduka, Jambira, Aranala, Tilataila</em> and <em>Erandataila. </em>It is an attempt made to validate the pharmaceutical and analytical parameters of <em>Vishatinduka taila</em>. Three batches of <em>Vishatindukataila</em> were prepared. Pharmaceutical study of batches and its standardization was done. It took five days for preparation of each batch due to presence of <em>Aranala</em>. Intermittent cooling was done. At the end of <em>Taila</em> preparation, mustard brown coloured oil was obtained and strong odour present. All <em>Sneha siddhi lakhanas</em> were observed and the loss was approximately 10% in all the three batches of <em>Taila</em>. To establish standards of <em>Vishatinduka Taila, </em>physicochemical and chromatographical methods were performed. The results found are acid value 12.344mg/KOH/g, peroxide value 5Meq/kg, Density 0.932g/cm<sup>3</sup><sub>, </sub>Specific gravity 0.932, pH 4.5+/_0.3, Loss on drying 0%, Refractive index 73.5+/_0.2% brix, saponification value 112.22mg KOH/1g and Total fatty matter 95.4%. Physicochemical test was done in first and second month also results obtained. In HPTLC evaluation variable number of spots are visualized. It showed the presence of four phytoconstituents.</p> Vanitha V B. Saravanan K.L. Virupaksha Gupta Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 7 15 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2518 Pharmaceutico-Analytical Study of Mukhapakahara Arka <p><em>Arka kalpana</em> is a unique pharmaceutical preparation in Ayurveda in which the volatile oil and active principles of a drug are collected by the process of distillation using <em>Arka yantra</em> or any convenient modern distillation apparatus. <em>Mukhapakahara arka</em> is a formulation mentioned in <em>Arka prakasha sapthama shataka</em> as a <em>Gandusha</em> <em>yoga</em> to cure <em>Mukhapaka. </em>The ingredients of <em>Mukhapakahara arka</em> are <em>Jatheepatra, Amruta, Draksha, Vasa, Darvi, Hareetaki, Vibheetaki</em> and <em>Amalaki</em>. Based on the properties of the ingredients, the formulation possesses potent wound healing, anti- inflammatory properties and hence could be beneficial in conditions like Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis. Being an <em>Arka kalpana</em>, <em>Mukhapakahara arka</em> has many advantages in terms of palatability, shelf life and user-friendly aspects. No previous works have been carried out on <em>Mukhapakahara arka.</em> In this study, <em>Mukhapakahara arka</em> was prepared and was subjected to organoleptic evaluation and physicochemical tests like determination of pH value, specific gravity and volatile matter. HPTLC profile of <em>Mukhapakahara arka</em> was also obtained which could be useful for further works.</p> Saranyamol K Noble T M Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 16 22 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2567 A Clinical Study of Evaluate the Efficacy of Vishatinduka Taila Kati Basti in the Management of Katigraha (Low Back Pain) <p><em>Katigraha</em> is a <em>Vataja Nanatmaja vyadhi</em> and not explained as a separate disease, but rather as a symptom in another disease like as <em>Ashmari, Arshas, Bhagandara</em> etc. We have a brief summary of<em> Katigraha</em> along with symptoms, etiological causes, and treatment in <em>Amavatadhikara Adhyaya</em> of Bhavaprakasha, and in <em>Vatavyadhi Adhikara</em> of <em>Gadanigraha</em>. Along with specific symptoms like<em> Katishoola</em> and <em>Katigraha </em>caused either <em>Shuddha</em> or <em>Sama vayu</em>. In contemporary science, we can compare the <em>Katigraha</em> with low back pain (lumbago) suffering from Low back pain is an emerging problem in adolescents, with an incidence that is the highest in the third decade of life worldwide. <em>Katibasti</em> is the process in which, retaining of warm medicated oil in a specially formed frame prepared from<em> Masha</em> dough in lumbo-sacral region. It performs the combined action of <em>Snehana</em> and <em>Swedana</em>. <em>Katibasti</em> is a type of <em>Snigdha Sweda</em>, as warm oil is used which produce both the <em>Snehana</em> and <em>Swedana</em> effect, attempt has been made with <em>Vishatinduka Taila</em> for<em> Katibasti</em> purpose. In present study using <em>Vishatinduka Taila Katibasti</em> is done for 7 days for 30 minutes daily.</p> Sandhya Shenoy Gautham Shetty M Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 23 28 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2573 A Comparative Pharmaceutical Study on Tiladi Churna and Tiladi Granules <p><em>Bhaishajya Kalpana</em>- the pharmaceutical science of Ayurveda mainly deals with the planning and preparation of medicines. As per Ayurveda, an ideal drug is that one which can process into different forms. Though Ayurveda claims that no material is incapable of being utilized as medicine, none of them can be employed in the form in which they are available because they are not appetizing or easily absorbed by the human system. In this modern era, society prefers medicines which are more palatable, available, less dose and with more shelf life. In this view, as per the need of time, there is a need to modify the classical formulations in order to improve its characters and to make more acceptable.</p> <p>In this present study, <em>Tiladi churna, </em>a pure herbal formulation having minimum ingredients and its granules were prepared in departmental pharmacy. <em>Churna Kalpana</em> is considered as an <em>Upakalpana</em> of <em>Kalka Kalpana</em> which is one among the basic <em>Panchavidha</em> <em>Kashaya Kalpana</em> mentioned in classical texts while <em>Khanda Kalpana</em> or granules are the preparations added after 20<sup>th</sup> century which have more palatability and acceptance. Here both <em>Tiladi Churna</em> and granules were then compared to determine the efficiency in terms of method, duration of preparation and also in terms of organoleptic and physical parameters</p> Vani Gayathri P.A Manisha Goyal Govind Sahay Shukla Rajaram Agarwal Vijay Pal Tyagi Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 29 34 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2568 Comparative Clinical Evaluation of Matra Basti with Pippalyadi Taila and Ashtakatvara Taila in Katishoola <p>Ayurveda deals with good, bad, happy and unhappy life, its promoters and non-promoters, measurement and nature. <em>Katishoola</em> is the condition which is characterized by <em>Shoola</em> and <em>Stabdata</em>, due to vitiated <em>Vata</em> which gets lodged in the <em>Kati pradesha</em>. It is explained as one of the <em>Lakshanas</em> of <em>Vata Vyadhi</em>. But <em>Bhavaprakasha</em> and <em>Gada Nigraha</em> explained it as a separate <em>Vyadhi. Charaka</em> explained it in <em>Vataja Nanatmaja Vikaras</em>.</p> <p>The symptoms of <em>Katishoola</em> can be correlated to low back pain. It is one of the most common problems in the orthopedic field today. Pain effects about 3-12% of the populations and in turn have its impact on the socio-economic activity of an individual.</p> <p><em>Panchakarma</em> play a vital role in Ayurvedic therapeutics and as such they occupy an important place in Ayurvedic medicine. Among these <em>Basti Karma</em> is the prime treatment modality in <em>Vata Vyadhis</em>. It is considered as the <em>Ardha Chikitsa. Matra</em> <em>Basti</em> is a type of <em>Sneha Basti.</em> It acts as <em>Brumhana, Snehana</em> and does <em>Vata shamana</em>.</p> <p>There are so many effective treatments presently available for <em>Katishoola</em>. In that, <em>Basti</em> is the primary and effective treatment not only for <em>Katishoola</em> but also for each and every <em>Vata vyadhis</em>. <em>Pippalyadi Taila</em> and <em>Ashtakatvara Taila</em> are having good effect on <em>Vata Vyadhis</em>.</p> Rijin Rajeev Mohammad Sadique Karthikeya Prasad Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 35 43 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2571 An Attempt to Decode Female Sexuality in the Heritage of Kamashastra Through Ayurveda - A Mystery <p>Ayurveda being a most ancient system of medicine has given a proper deserving position to women that is Stree, defining her as <em>Apathyanam</em> <em>Moolam</em> (the root cause of progeny). In Synch with this <em>Kamashastra</em> has portrayed women with esteem. Thus, stating the importance of female’s reproductive role in procreating and sustenance of human rays. Female sexual identity and conduct, as well as the physiological, psychological, social, cultural, political, and spiritual or religious components of sexual activity, all fall under the umbrella of human female sexuality, which covers a wide range of behavior activities. This sexuality is encountered and revealed through thoughts, desire, belief, fantasy, and relationship. The pursuit of sexual pleasure is a key motivating factor in sexual activity. Classical texts of <em>Kamashastra</em> have captured this sexual pleasure and portrayed them with impeccable accuracy in both genders providing an ample sexual motivation for sexual activity. This sexual activity is considered to attain fruition when the partner reaches the epitome of orgasm, among these partners we have given more importance to the female as she is a being of multiple sexual orgasms. Hence the main aim of this article is to understand and analyze the female sexual orgasm, and different approaches to attain it. Thus, an attempt is made to decode the mystery of female sexuality in the heritage of <em>Kamasutra</em> through Ayurveda.</p> Abdul Khader Sahana Krishna Krithika N Jeena George Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 44 48 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2539 Effect of Agnikarma in Perianal Subcutaneous Fistula- A Case Report <p>Fistula-in-ano is a debilitating disease affecting anorectal region. It is an abnormal tract lined with fibrous tissue and unhealthy granulation tissue. It usually begins from a perianal abscess caused by cryptoglandular infection. The abscess burst spontaneously and forms fistula-in-ano. It may also seen in association with other diseases like Crohn’s disease, lymphogranuloma venereum, actinomycosis, malignancy and TB. It is distressing to the patient and the surgeon due to its recurrent nature and the complications like postoperative incontinence. The disease can be classified as low anal and high anal fistulae on the basis of its internal opening. Perianal subcutaneous fistula is included under low anal fistula. Generally, the modern treatment measures for fistula-in-ano include fistulectomy, fistulotomy, advancement flaps, fistula clip closure, LIFT technique, VAAFT procedure, anal fistula plug repair, fibrin glue and seton technique. The prime aim of the treatment is to eradicate the tract and drain the site of infection while preserving anal continence. In Ayurveda, Fistula-in-ano can be correlated with<em> Bhagandara </em>on the basis of signs and symptoms. Since it is difficult to treat, Acharya Susruta considered it as one among <em>Ashtamahagada</em>. He described the treatment as <em>Shastra Karma, Kshara Karma, Agni Karma</em>. In the present case study, a 35-year old male patient visited the OPD with perianal subcutaneous fistula was selected for <em>Agnikarma</em> after fistulotomy to reduce the treatment period and to improve the quality of living. Daily dressing was done with <em>Jathyadi ghrta</em> and the patient was cured within 21 days of intervention. The follow up was done for next 3 months and no complications were noted. &nbsp;</p> Merin. C Joseph P. Benedict Remya. V. R Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 49 51 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2569 Role of Ayurvedic Shodhana and Shaman Chikitsa in Management of Mukhadooshika- A Case Study <p>Beauty holds a very important place in expressing the personality now-a-days. Clear and healthy skin makes a good impression. Everyone especially the young generations are most conscious and careful about the beauty of the face. Due to hurry, worry, and curry type of lifestyle and some hormonal factors in the adolescent age many people suffer through Acne. It is commonly seen in young population. <em>Mukhadooshika</em>, according to Ayurveda, can be correlated to acne. It is a type of <em>Kshudraroga</em>. It involves vitiation of <em>Kapha</em> and <em>Vata </em>along with <em>Rakta</em> resulting into formation of <em>Mukhadooshika</em>. Common sites are <em>Mukha</em>, <em>Urah </em>and <em>Prushtha</em>. In the management of <em>Mukhadooshika</em>, both <em>Shodhan</em> and <em>Shaman</em> <em>chikitsa</em> can be performed as per the <em>Avastha</em>. <em>Vaman</em>, <em>Virechana, Raktamokshana, Nasya, Lepan</em> etc. <em>Panchakarma upakrama</em> along with <em>Abhyantar aushadhi chikitsa </em>(internal medications) prove very effective in reducing the <em>Mukhadooshika</em> and preventing the recurrence. In this case study, a female patient with diagnosis of <em>Mukhadooshika</em> was treated with <em>Virechana</em> <em>karma, Mukhalepa</em> and <em>Aushadhi chikitsa</em> that showed marked improvement.</p> Tanvi Sunil Joshi Seema D. Bahatkar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 52 56 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2540 Physico Chemical Analysis and HPTLC Evaluation of Kokilakshadi Kwatha Churna <p><em>Kokilakshadi Kashaya</em> mentioned in <em>Bhaishajya Ratnavali</em>, <em>Vataraktadhikara</em>, it is a therapeutic formulation to treat <em>Vatarakta. </em>It is also used by Ayurvedic practitioners for treating hyperuricemia. The symptoms of hyperuricemia and gouty arthritis are similar <em>to Vatarakta, </em>a disease explained in classical Ayurvedic textbooks. <em>Kokilakshadikwatha</em> contains <em>Kokilaksha</em> and <em>Guduchi</em> and <em>Pippalichurna</em> given as <em>Anupana</em> of this formulation Physico chemical analysis of individual drug and formulation with modern parameters increase their scope and acceptance. The study was based on standard analytical parameters proposed by API. <strong>Method</strong>: <em>Kokilakshadi Kwatha</em> powder was evaluated for physico chemical analysis and phyto chemical screening. The analysis was done by using the parameters like Organoleptic features, loss on drying, acid soluble extractive, water soluble extractive. <strong>Results: </strong>Analytical parameters of individual drugs were done. All analytical parameter were within limit. Analytical parameter of <em>Kokilakshadi Kwatha Churna</em> like loss on drying 10.4%w/w, acid insoluble ash 0.79%, alcohol soluble extractive 11.2%w/w, water soluble extractive 7.8%w/w, pH 5.78 were obtained. High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography (HPTLC) profile of <em>Kokilakshadikwatha</em> powder showed 13 peaks at 254nm and 14 peaks at 366nm. Preliminary phytochemical screening test revealed the presence of steroids, alkaloids, phenols, flavonoids. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The obtained data can be used for future comparative references</p> Saranya Bhadran T.V. Sreeni Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 57 61 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2570 Analysis of Dyslipidemia as per Ayurveda and its Management <p>Dyslipidaemias refers to any abnormality in the level of circulating plasma lipids. It is an extremely significant condition, majorly because of its contribution to atherogenesis. It is an independent and modifiable risk factor for CAD and stroke. More than half of global cases of ischemic heart disease are associated with dyslipidemia. Quality of care for dyslipidemia is suboptimal in general and variable by cardiovascular disease risk group, ethnicity and gender. In modern medicine, there are effective dyslipidemic drugs which give rapid relief, but may cause some long term side effects. So there is a need for safe alternative treatment which may be effective in reducing lipid level, for prolonged use. In Ayurveda, dyslipidemia can be considered as a condition in which <em>Kapha</em>, <em>Medas</em> and <em>Rasa</em> are pathologically deranged due to <em>Ama</em>. There is defective <em>Medo dhatu poshana</em> due to <em>Dhatwagnimandhya </em>and formation of <em>Ama</em> at the level of <em>Medo dhatu</em>. It can be considered as presumable level of stage of <em>Samprapti</em> or a morbid state which may cause disease, but not attained a full status of disease. <em>Nidanas</em> include <em>Beejadushti, Ahara – vihara –vikara and Manasika nidanas. </em>Lipid profile can be brought back to normal by correcting <em>Agni </em>and ensuring proper <em>Dhatuparinama</em>. Treatment modalities include <em>Nidana</em> <em>parivarjana</em>, <em>Sodhana, Samana, Rasayana </em>and following<em> Pathyapathya</em>. Drug having <em>Kaphamedohara, Deepana, Pachana, Ruksha</em> and <em>Lekhana</em> property is useful to treat this clinical condition.</p> Hridya A Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 62 69 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2561 A Critical Review on Dooshivishari Agada: A Herbo Mineral Formulation <p><em>Dooshivisha</em> (cumulative toxicity) is a type of <em>Kritrima visha</em> (artificial poison). It is a transformed state of other types of poison if not eliminated, get collected in small doses leads to this type of poisoning. It is a unique concept of <em>Ayurveda </em>and is the cause of the majority of the health issues in the present era. <em>Acharyas</em> have said different treatment principles for the management of <em>Dooshivisha</em> (cumulative toxicity). <em>Dooshivishari</em> <em>agada</em> is the formulation of choice for its treatment, which is a herbo-mineral formulation comprised of twelve ingredients that are taken in equal amounts for the preparation. Many <em>Acharyas</em> such as <em>Sushruta, Vagbhata, </em>and<em> Bhavaprakasha </em>have explained it in their classical texts. Along with <em>Dooshivisha</em> (cumulative toxicity), it can also be used in its complications, and also for the treatment of all types of poisoning and other associated signs and symptoms.</p> Deepa P Nataraj H R Anushree C G Akshatha K Shirwar Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 70 77 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2576 Endothelial Dysfunction and Diabetes: An Ayurvedic Concept <p>Diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, even in the presence of intensive glycaemic control. Both diabetes and insulin resistance bring about a amalgam of endothelial dysfunction and it will abate the anti-atherogenic role of the vascular endothelium. In patients with type 2 diabetes both insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction appear to lead up to the development of undisguised hyperglycaemia. Hence, in patients with diabetes, endothelial dysfunction may be a censorious early intention for preventing atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. For the assessment endothelium- dependent vasodilatation Coronary and peripheral circulations are used. In Ayurveda, endothelial dysfunction can be correlated to <em>Rakthavaha srotho dushti</em>. There are several aetiological factors similar in both <em>Prameha</em> and <em>Rakta dushti</em>. The factors which got vitiated <em>(Dooshya)</em> in <em>Prameha</em> are <em>Mamsa, Meda, Rasa, Rakta, Shukra, Lasika, Vasa, Majja </em>&amp;<em> Oja</em>. Amongst all <em>Meda &amp; Mamsa</em> are main vitiated factors <em>(Dooshya</em>) while <em>Rakta</em> is one of the <em>Dooshya</em> initially. During nourishment, <em>Rakta</em> is nourished prior to <em>Meda &amp; Mamsa</em>. Further it nourishes <em>Meda dhatu</em> too. Endothelial dysfunction is reversible in early stages so that many <em>rasayana</em> drugs mentioned in the Ayurveda can be used here. In the present review briefly outlines some basic concepts of endothelial structure and function, and its dysfunction, relation with diabetes and its Ayurvedic concepts and management.</p> Haritha V Das Giri P V Mini V G Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 78 82 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2574 Multidimensional Planning for Health In Ayurveda and Scope of Swasthasyorjaskar Chikitsa <p>The health is described in Charak Samhita under different titles along with its process to attain the health i.e., <em>Arogyata</em>, <em>Sukha </em>&amp; <em>Sukhayu</em>, immune person etc. <em>Rasayana</em> &amp; <em>Vajikarana</em> are the branches among the eight branches of Ayurveda and its result is shown as <em>Swasthasyorjaskarah</em> which are directly related to health promotion. A specific concept is also mentioned in Charak Samhita about absolute health is known as <em>Naishthiki</em> <em>Chikitsa</em>. The term <em>Swasthasyorjskar</em> <em>Chikitsa</em> is the <em>Urjaskar</em> therapy for <em>Swastha</em> Person. A medically fit (<em>Arogya</em>) person who achieve well being (<em>Sukhayu</em>) by following its tools and educative measures, should seek for promoted status of excellence of health or health plus. For this <em>Swasthasyorjskar</em> <em>chikitsa</em> is prescribed. When a person achieve maintenance of excellent status of health then only he can aspire for the absolute health status i.e. <em>Nihshesh</em> <em>dukhnivritti</em> through <em>Yoga</em> and <em>Naishthiki</em> <em>chikitsa</em>. Hence in Charak Samhita there is prescribed the provision of <em>Swathasyorjaskar</em> <em>Chikitsa</em> for healthy one also.</p> Singh Rabi Pratap Dwibedy B.K Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 83 90 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2559 A Conceptual Study on Oothu Chikitsa or Blowing Therapy- An Emergency Treatment Procedure <p>Kerala is exceptional for the practice of <em>Visha chikitsa </em>from time out of mind. <em>Keraleeya visha chikitsa grandhas</em> such as <em>Prayoga sammucchayam</em> and <em>Kriya koumudi</em> point out distinctive treatment procedure for snake envenomation such as <em>Karu prayogam, Vella prayogam</em>, <em>Oothu chikitsa</em> etc. Among this most handy and easy treatment procedure, <em>Oothu chikitsa</em> or blowing therapy which is mentioned for immediate stabilization of the patient from severe cobra envenomation is discussed here. The present study evaluates the role of Ayurveda in emergency management. This procedure, in which three persons are made to blow over vertex and both ears for 150 times by chewing certain drugs such as <em>Viswa, Dusparsa, Maricha</em> and <em>Visha vega </em>in equal quantities are indicated in the initial manifestation of snake bite including altered consciousness. On evaluation, the volatile components of these drugs are found to act on CNS. In this era of emergency medicine, exploration of Ayurvedic emergency treatment procedure is very much important. This emergency treatment procedure can be conceptually applied in the altered consciousness other than snake bite such as altered consciousness arising due to neurological and metabolic causes, diffuse physiological brain dysfunction as seen in certain drug poisoning, alchohol etc. This study aims at application of blowing therapy, indicated in initial manifestation of cobra envenomation and helps the patient to stabilize from a level of altered consciousness in the context of altered consciousness in conditions other than snake bite.</p> Aswathi G Sreevidya C.G Sirosha M Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 91 94 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2575 Importance and Utility of Trisutra in Teaching, Research and Clinical Practice <p>The aim of Ayurveda is to maintain the health of individuals. It is accomplished through the two objectives; curing disease in the diseased and preventing disease in the healthy. For this purpose Ayurveda, the science of life is presented in the form of <em>Trisutra</em> (three aphorisms). They are <em>Hetu </em>(etiological factors), <em>Linga</em> (symptomatology) and <em>Oushadha</em> (therapeutics). The causative factors for the derangement of health and its reversal are coming under the purview of <em>Hetu</em>. Generally, excess, deficient and wrong union of sense objects, action and time result in diseases and health is the outcome of their proper union. <em>Linga</em> represents the clinical features of health and disease. <em>Oushadha</em> include drugs, therapies, wholesome diet and lifestyle which are intended to cure the disease and promote health. The entire Ayurveda is coded in these three aphorisms, hence it is known as <em>Trisutra Ayurveda. </em>The term <em>Triskanda</em> (three pronged) is synonymously used with <em>Trisutra.</em> The present knowledge of Ayurveda was evolved by the decipherment and elaboration of <em>Trisutra</em> through continuous research processes. Ayurveda compendia were designed in the order of <em>Trisutra</em>, <em>Hetu, Linga </em>and then <em>Oushadha</em> for the effective teaching and learning. <em>Trisutra</em> forms the ground for research in Ayurveda. Fundamental and applied researches in Ayurveda are primarily based on these three principles. Thorough understanding of <em>Trisutra </em>is essential for the accurate diagnosis of diseases and planning of effective management for them</p> Seethal M C Sunitha G R Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 95 100 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2541 An Ayurvedic Review on Poly-Cystic Ovarian Disease <p>PCOD is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age group, affecting 5% to 10% of women exhibiting, the full blown syndrome of hyperandrogenism, chronic anovulation and polycystic ovaries. PCOD is a disease which is related to the cystic changes in the ovary. It is the most common cause of Menstrual Irregularities, Obesity, anovulatory infertility and hyperandrogenism, etc. PCOD are not compiled as a disease or syndrome in Ayurveda, most of them have been described as symptoms of separate diseases or conditions. Ayurvedic management principles <em>Samshodhana, Agneya dravya, Nidan parivarjana</em> as well as modern treatment describe here. The present article is an attempt to highlighting on details of Ayurvedic review on poly cystic ovarian diseases.</p> Bhagwan Karale Vishnu Bawane Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 101 105 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2579 Raktamokshana- Ancient Blood Letting Technique: A Review <p>Ayurveda is a science that focuses on both well-being and disease treatment. Many surgical and para-surgical procedures have been described by Acharya Sushruta for the management of various diseases; among these, <em>Raktamokshana </em>is popularly used for the management of various pathologies occurring due to <em>Rakta Dushti </em>(blood-borne disorders). It is derived from two words i.e., ‘<em>Rakta</em>’ which means blood &amp; ‘<em>Mokshana’ </em>which means leave. Hence,<em> Raktamokshana</em> means to let the vitiated blood out. It is one of the five purification therapies by Acharya Sushruta. There are two ways to do <em>Raktamokshana </em>i.e., <em>Shastra Visravana </em>(using sharp instruments) and <em>Anushastra Visravana </em>(without using sharp instruments). Furthermore, it is said that <em>Siravedha </em>is ‘<em>Chikitsaardha</em>’ i.e., half of the treatment described in <em>Shalya Tantra </em>is similar to a well-performed <em>Basti karma </em>(Therapeutic Medicated Enema) advocated in <em>Kaya-Chikitsa</em>. However, there are relatively limited recommendations or use of <em>Raktamokshana </em>in clinical practices nowadays which may be due to fear associated with the procedure, lack of skillfulness, and unawareness about the efficacy of <em>Raktamokshana </em>in various diseases. This review article is specifically intended to assemble the usefulness of numerous modes of <em>Raktamokshana </em>based on Ayurvedic parameters with its detailed procedure</p> Gopal singh Ajay Kumar Gupta Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2022-11-13 2022-11-13 106 110 10.47070/ijapr.v10i10.2558