International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research 2021-06-03T16:29:11+08:00 Dr B Srinivasulu M.D (Ayu.) Open Journal Systems <div align="justify"> <p class="para1"><strong>International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research (IJAPR)</strong>&nbsp;is an international peer reviewed Monthly open access Online and Print journal. The aim of the journal is to increase the impact of research in both academic and industry, with strong emphasis on quality and originality. The journal promotes to publish the articles in the field of&nbsp;<strong>Ayurveda, Siddha, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Homeopathy and Allopathy</strong>&nbsp;systems of medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Researchers may submit (1). Original Research Articles (2). Review articles (3). Book Reviews (4). Short Communications/ Research Letter (5). Case Report (6). Letter to the Editor/Correspondence.</p> </div> SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND ANTIMICROBIAL STUDY OF VANGA BHASMA PREPARED WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO RASATARANGINI 2021-06-03T07:02:55+08:00 Raman Belge Rameshwar Pandey Prakash Itankar <p><em>Vanga</em> <em>Bhasma</em> which has been prepared with <em>Parada </em>and<em> Haratala</em> or even without <em>Parada</em> and <em>Haratala</em> is widely used for a broad spectrum of diseases. It is also said to possess <em>Jantughna</em> <em>Prabhava</em> (Antimicrobial activity). Hence it was decided to synthesize, analyse and study the antimicrobial activity of <em>Vanga</em> <em>Bhasma</em> prepared with special reference to <em>Rasatarangini</em> 18/25-28. The present study deals with the preparation of <em>Vanga</em> <em>Bhasma</em> with reference to <em>Rasatarangini</em> 18/25-28. The synthesized <em>Bhasma</em> samples were characterized by various analytical techniques. The antimicrobial effects of these <em>Bhasma</em> samples were studied. The samples were characterized with the contemporary parameters like XRD, SEM and EDX to find out the nature of the <em>Vanga</em> <em>Bhasma</em> samples. These samples were further tested against certain Gram +ve, Gram-ve and fungal organisms, so as to find out the anti-microbial efficacy of the <em>Vanga</em> <em>Bhasma</em> samples. The adopted method for preparation of <em>Vanga</em> <em>Bhasma</em> (Ref. Rasatarangini 18/25-28) was able to produce a <em>Bhasma</em> compatible to organoleptic parameters mentioned in the ancient texts. Formation of the small sized particles as small as a nano-particle was confirmed by SEM study. Average 14 <em>Puta</em>s are required to prepare <em>Vanga</em> <em>Bhasma</em> and XRD study confirms that Tin oxide is the major compound. <em>Vanga</em> <em>Bhasma</em> showed antimicrobial activity in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans with a concentration of 100mg/ml. This outcome further supports the <em>Krumighna</em> and <em>Jantughna</em> properties (anti-microbial activity) of <em>Vanga</em> <em>Bhasma</em>.</p> 2021-05-27T00:20:12+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research A CLINICAL EVALUATION OF MATRA BASTI AND KATI BASTI WITH DHANWANTARAM TAILA IN THE MANAGEMENT OF GRIDHRASI 2021-06-03T15:22:42+08:00 N. Haritha Rashmi. R Nighil Gigi Binu.M.B <p><em>Gridhrasi</em> comes under 80 types of <em>Nanatmaja Vatavyadhi</em>. The cardinal signs and symptoms of<em> Gridhrasi</em> are <em>Ruk</em> (pain), <em>Toda</em> (pricking sensation), <em>Spandana</em> (twitching) in the <em>Sphik</em>, <em>Kati, Uru, Janu, Jangha</em> and <em>Pada</em> in order and <em>Sakthikshepa Nigraha</em> i.e., restricted lifting of the leg associated with <em>Gourava, Aruchi. Kati Basti</em> is widely being practiced throughout country as <em>Bahyaupakrama</em> which has both <em>Snehana</em> and <em>Swedana</em> effects. <em>Matra Basti</em> is <em>Snehana </em>procedure which does <em>Vataanulomana, Vatashamana.</em> <strong>Objectives: </strong>To evaluate the efficacy of <em>Matrabasti</em> and <em>Katibasti</em> with <em>Dhanvantaram Taila</em> in the management of <em>Gridhrasi. </em><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>Patients presenting with the classical features of <em>Gridhrasi</em> and between the age group of 16 to 50 years irrespective of sex were selected and allotted in Group A, B and C with 15 patients in each group. Group A was administered with <em>Matra basti</em> with <em>Dhanwantram Taila</em> and Group B with <em>Kati</em> <em>basti </em>with <em>Dhanwantram Taila</em> and Group C with both <em>Matra basti</em> and <em>Kati basti</em> with <em>Dhanwantram Taila</em> for 9 days.<strong> Results: </strong>In combined treatment of <em>Kati Basti</em> and <em>Matra Basti</em> in Group C there was tremendous response in relieving <em>Ruk </em>(73%),<em> Toda </em>(46%), <em>Spandana </em>(60%),<em> Supti </em>(80%), <em>Gourava </em>(73%),<em> Aruchi </em>(66%),<em> Sparshasahyata </em>(73.3%) SLR (60%). In Group A, patients subjected to <em>Matra Basti </em>was effective in relieving <em>Ruk (26.7%), Toda (13.3%), Spandana </em>(26.7%),<em> Supti </em>(66.7%),<em> Gourava </em>(46.7%), <em>Aruchi </em>(53.3%),<em> Sparshasahyata </em>(13.3%) SLR (6.7%). In Group B patients subjected to <em>Kati</em> <em>Basti</em> was effective in relieving <em>Ruk </em>(6.7%), <em>Toda </em>(0%),<em> Spandana </em>(0%),<em> Supti</em> (40%),<em> Gourava </em>(20%),<em> Aruchi </em>(0%),<em> Sparshasahyata </em>(20%) SLR (0%).<strong> Conclusion:</strong> On the basis of the results of this study, it can be clearly concluded that combined treatment of <em>Matrabasti</em> and <em>Kati basti</em> with <em>Dhanwantaram taila</em> provided significant relief in the signs and symptoms of <em>Gridhrasi</em> than individually performed <em>Matra basti</em> and <em>Kati basti</em> with <em>Dhanwantaram taila.</em></p> 2021-05-31T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research A CLINICAL STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EFFECT OF SPHATIKAYUKTHA RASA SINDOORA WITH LODHRA KASHAYA IN DYSFUNCTIONAL UTERINE BLEEDING 2021-06-03T07:02:46+08:00 Lijima C Shahina Mole S <p>Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding is defined as a state of abnormal uterine bleeding without any clinically detectable organic, systemic and iatrogenic cause. The prevalence varies widely but an incidence of 10% amongst new patients attending the outpatient seems logical. Along with increased susceptibility to iron deficiency, heavy menstrual bleeding can negatively impact physical, emotional and social quality of life and reduce work capacity of females. <strong>Objective: </strong>A clinical study was conducted to evaluate the effect of <em>Sphatikayuktha Rasa Sindoora</em> with <em>Lodhra Kashaya</em> in Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding. <strong>Design: </strong>This pre-post interventional study was conducted among 20 females in the age group 20-45 years who had the symptoms of Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding for the past 3 cycles. Drug administration started on the 3<sup>rd</sup> day of menstruation and was continued till bleeding stopped or upto a maximum of 7 days for 3 consecutive cycles. Follow up was done in the next cycle. The condition of the patient after drug administration in the first, second and third months were separately compared with the condition of the patient before treatment. <strong>Outcome measures: </strong>Outcome variables were change in the amount, duration and frequency of bleeding. Results and <strong>Discussion:</strong> Results were analysed statistically using Wilcoxon signed rank test and Paired t-test. The treatment was effective in reducing the amount of bleeding during treatment period and the follow up period. It was effective in reducing the duration of bleeding during the treatment period as compared to the follow up period and in controlling the cycle interval during the treatment period.</p> 2021-06-01T02:34:04+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY OF PANCHAWALKALA KWATHA AND PANCHAWALKALA SHATADAUTA GHRITA 2021-06-03T15:19:14+08:00 Wadimuna Mudiyanselage Dharmasenage Ruvinika Wirajani Wadimuna Gunarathnage Upul Anuruddha Kumara W. L. A. Rajini Saroja Pushpakumari <p><em>Panchawalkala</em> is one of the ideal herbal combinations in Ayurveda and it has therapeutic properties such as <em>Vranaropana</em>, <em>Shothahara</em>, <em>Graahi</em> and <em>Visarpahara</em>. And also researchers have been proven anthelmintic, antimicrobial, wound healing and anti-inflammatory activities of these plants in combination and individual too. <em>Ghrita</em> (<em>Ghee</em>) is one of the oil preparation made by cow’s milk and it has <em>Balavardhaka</em>, <em>Ojovardhaka</em>, <em>Vayasthapaka</em>, <em>Dhatuposhaka</em> properties and is supreme in <em>Snehana</em> <em>Dravyas</em>. <em>Panchawalkala </em>is widely used in <em>Kwatha</em> and Powder form. <em>Shatadauta</em> <em>Ghrita</em> is the most famous form of the <em>Ghee</em>. The advantages of different innovative preparations are; increased shelf life, ready to use, better acceptability and ease of application. This study was planned to evaluate in-vitro antifungal activity of traditional <em>Panchawalkala</em> <em>Kwatha</em> and innovative <em>Panchawalkala</em> <em>Shatadauta</em> <em>Ghrita</em> (the <em>Ghrita</em>, hundreds times purified by <em>Panchawalkala</em> <em>Kwatha</em>). It was assessed by adopting agar diffusion method. Each agar plate was divided into four equal parts and was cultivated the <em>Candida</em> <em>albicans</em>. Replicator device was used to inoculate multiple specimens on to two parts of three series of plates with respective drugs. Further, responses of organism to the trial drugs were measured and compared with standard drug of Fluconazole (+ve control) and distilled water (-ve control) by using other two parts of the agar plates. All the plates were incubated at 37°C for 24 hours. According to the findings, <em>Panchawalkala Shatadauta</em> <em>Ghrita</em> has an antifungal effect than <em>Panchawalkala</em> <em>Kwatha</em>. Fluconazole is the best antifungal drug among these and distilled water does not have any antifungal action. Hence, it can be concluded that, <em>Panchawalkala Shatadauta</em> <em>Ghrita</em> has antifungal activity rather than <em>Panchawalkala</em> <em>Kwatha</em> but not effective than Fluconazole<em>. </em>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2021-05-31T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS TREATMENT WITH MUSTARD OIL: A CASE REPORT 2021-06-03T16:29:11+08:00 Soham Samajpaty <p>Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic skin disease which is primarily associated with <em>sp. Malassezia</em> infection on the epidermis of the skin. The disease is characterized by massive skin exfoliation of seborrheic regions like forehead, behind pinna of ear, armpits, nasolabial fold, dandruff in the scalp, etc. Around 5% of general population is a victim of this disease.&nbsp; The patient condition often becomes a hindrance for his or her livelihood and results into low self-esteem. Modern medical therapy recommends use of selenium sulfide sulfide, azole group of antibiotics like ketokonazole, Econazole, Clotrimazole, etc. In severe cases corticosteroids like Betamethasone dipropionate (0.05% potency) is also used. But all these have not given clinically efficient results. The clinical symptoms visible in this disease are scaling or exfoliation of skin; redness and swelling of affected regions along with itching. Neutrophilic infiltration in the epidermal crust and dense presence of inflammatory mediators in the region are found in the region on performing histological studies using skin biopsy.</p> <p>In the ancient Indian medical system of Ayurveda, mustard oil or <em>Sarshapa taila</em> has been characterized as deep penetrating, hot potency, pungent smelling fluid effective against skin itching and urticaria. This is a case report of experimental mustard oil therapy on a patient with Seborrheic dermatitis. It is being addressed to the global health community from both the fields of modern medicine and Ayurveda to carry a much deeper study on the topic and the therapy method which is being shown in this research.</p> 2021-06-01T03:24:30+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research A CRITICAL REVIEW ON DEEPANIYA MAHAKASHAYA BASED ON THEIR RASAPANCHAK IN RELATION TO NIGHANTU 2021-06-03T07:02:40+08:00 Ruma Dey Chakraborty Swagata Das Aparajita <p>Importance of <em>Agni</em> has been mentioned univocally in almost all classical treatises in Ayurveda. It has also been mentioned that hypo-functioning <em>Agni</em> is the root cause of every diseases. <em>Agni</em> plays a vital role in maintaining health and balancing the equilibrium of <em>Dosa</em>, <em>Dhatu</em> and <em>Mala</em>. So, to bring the function of <em>Agni</em> to normalcy, besides maintaining proper diet and regimen, <em>Deepaniya</em> drugs are advised. Ten members of <em>Deepaniya mahakashaya</em> are discussed here critically based on their <em>Rasapanchak</em> i.e., <em>Rasa, Guna, Virya, Vipaka</em> and <em>Karma</em>. In this review article a comparative study has been done on <em>Deepaniya mahakashaya</em> as mentioned in <em>Charaka Samhita</em> and discussed in relation to <em>Bhavaprakash Nighantu</em>, <em>Dhanwantari Nighantu, Raj Nighantu and Kaiyadev Nighantu</em>. Along with this, the functions of the drugs mentioned in these classics in the light of modern perspectives are also discussed critically.</p> 2021-06-01T03:42:42+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research AN EXPLORATORY REVIEW OF PHARMCOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF NOTCHI KUDINEER- A SIDDHA HERBAL DECOCTION USED IN COVID-19 2021-06-03T07:02:38+08:00 A Ragaroobine A Ragavanee S Joseph Maria Adaikalam N Kabilan Sudha Seshayyan <p>COVID-19 Caused by the novel corona virus (SARS-CoV-2), which has already pushed the entire global community to change their priorities towards finding a suitable anti-viral medicine and a vaccine. While most of the countries have started to prescribe vaccines, which show varied levels of efficacy, finding an effective anti-viral medicine against the virus is still in the early stages despite full-fledged research activities at global level. Many countries particularly those having a rich traditional health science background like India and China started to recommend medicines belonging to local health traditions. The public utilization of those medicines also yielded good results in terms of prevention of the viral infection, reducing the severity of disease or/and reducing the number of days required to recover from the disease as perceived and reported by the patients and doctors.</p> <p>In Tamil Nadu, there are more than 80 million populations. Siddha medicine is the most widely used system of traditional medicine. ‘<em>Suram’</em> is the Tamil word equivalent to the term ‘fever’. <em>Kabasuram</em> (Also known as <em>Aiya suram</em>) is one among the 64 types of fevers mentioned in Siddha symptoms of which are identical to those of COVID-19. <em>“Notchi kudineer”</em>– a Siddha herbal formulation is being used since many centuries for fever and respiratory disorders with remarkable success. This review article attempts to explore the pharmacological evidence in support of the therapeutic usage of “<em>Notchi kudineer</em>” hence justifying its usage in respiratory related illnesses having fever as a main symptom like the current pandemic of COVID-19.</p> 2021-06-01T14:35:36+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research A REVIEW ON VRANOKTA CHIKITSA OF VISHAJA VRANA MENTIONED IN SUSHRUTA SAMHITA KALPASTHANA 2021-06-03T07:02:36+08:00 Praveen Kumar Santosh Kumar Vishwakarma Jai Kumar Singh <p>The <em>Vrana</em> which are produced by different types of poisoning substances such as <em>Sthavara visha, Jangama visha </em>and<em> Kritima visha</em> are known as <em>Vishaja vrana</em>. Three great treatise (<em>Brihatrayi</em>) viz; <em>Charaka samhita</em>, <em>Sushruta Samhita</em>, and <em>Astanga hridaya</em> have elaborative descriptions regarding <em>Vrana</em>. <em>Maharshi Sushruta</em> has described various types of <em>Vrana</em> in different <em>Sthanas</em> of <em>Sushruta samhita</em>. But <em>Sushruta</em> has mentioned different types of <em>Vishaja vrana</em> mainly in <em>Kalpasthana</em> of <em>Sushruta samhita</em>. Ayurveda described various types of treatment module for these types of <em>Vrana. Maharshi Sushruta </em>has mentioned treatment of these types of <em>Vrana</em> in <em>Chikitsa sthana</em> and <em>Kalpa sthana.</em> In <em>Chikitsa sthana</em> of <em>Sushruta Samhita shashtiupakrama </em>has been mentioned for different types of <em>Vrana</em> treatment. A very limited literary research work has been done on the <em>Vranokta Chikitsa</em> of <em>Vishaja vrana.</em> Therefore a review study has been carried out on the <em>Vranokta Chikitsa</em> of <em>Vishaja vrana</em> mentioned in <em>Sushruta Samhita Kalpasthana</em>. The main aim of this study is to collect all the references of the <em>Vranokta Chikitsa</em> of <em>Vishaja vrana</em> described in <em>Kalpasthana</em> of <em>Sushruta samhita</em>. The treatment module as mentioned in <em>Sushruta samhita</em> under the heading of <em>Shashti upakrama</em> were critically analyzed with the <em>Vranokta Chikitsa</em> of <em>Vishaja vrana</em> of <em>Kalpasthana.</em> There is need of time to do more study and critically analysis on different treatment module of <em>Vishaja vrana</em>.</p> 2021-06-01T14:53:55+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF OVARIAN CYST: A CASE REPORT 2021-06-03T07:02:48+08:00 Priyanka. R Jiji V Asha Sreedhar <p>Ovarian cystic masses are a common problem encountered in daily gynecological practice. Data reveals the prevalence of ovarian cyst vary widely. Reports suggest that between 8 and 18% of both premenopausal and postmenopsusal women have ovarian cyst. Most of the cysts are asymptomatic and discovered only in routine ultrasonography. Some of them are highly symptomatic hindering day to day activities of women. Symptoms depend to a large extent on the size of cysts. Modern management includes combined oral contraceptive pills and surgical management, if cysts continue to grow after 3 months of treatment. Since the oral contraceptive pills contribute many untoward effects, the need for alternative management especially in patients who wish to avoid surgical intervention is on high demand. Ayurveda addresses ovarian cyst under the broad classification of <em>Granthi</em> in which it can be correlated to <em>Kaphaja Granthi</em> in particular. A 27 year female patient married since 8 months, detected with Ovarian Cyst of size 6.6 x 6.1cm and complaining of severe lower abdominal pain, dyspareunia, bloating of abdomen, and burning micturition was treated according to Ayurvedic principles. Patient was given <em>Kanchanara guggulu, Sukumaram kashayam, Guggulu panchapala churnam </em>&amp;<em> Gomutra haritaki</em> for a period of two months. Follow up USG showed complete disappearance of cyst and symptoms also subsided to a great extent. The present study emphasizes the role of Ayurveda in bringing a positive result in the management of ovarian cyst.</p> 2021-06-01T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research A CASE STUDY SHOWED THAT GUDA-ARDRAK KALPA IS EFFECTIVE IN THE MANAGEMENT OF CKD 2021-06-03T07:02:32+08:00 Madan Prateek Singh N.R <p>Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) includes many pathophysiological processes related to impaired renal function and decreased reformist Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR). The rapid economic development and globalization have promoted the progress of epidemiology, which has led to rapid urbanization, major changes in lifestyle, and changes in eating habits. Regarding non-communicable or suspicious lifestyle diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, coronary artery disease, malignant tumor and Chronic Kidney Infection (CKD), here we describe in detail the CKD case of a 30-year-old patient. There is no direct description of infection in Ayurvedic science, so we can only compare the disease and Ayurvedic view points based on the comprehensible understanding of Ayurvedic cases. This is an agreement with a good cure effect. <em>Guda-Ardrak</em> (<em>Electuarium Ginger</em>-Jaggery) was used in <em>Kalpa</em> (a separate Ayurvedic therapy) with milk for 19 days. This seal exhibits reduced serum creatinine levels, increased appetite and increased alertness. This case study shows that <em>Guda</em>-<em>Ardrak</em> <em>Kalpa</em> is an effective CKD treatment option.</p> 2021-06-01T15:24:10+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research A STUDY ON MEDICINAL PLANTS USED IN KARKIDAKA KANJI: A HEALTH TRADITION OF KERALA 2021-06-03T07:02:29+08:00 Mohan Deepa Sajeevan Aiswaraya <p><em>Karkidakam </em>(July- August) is the last month of Malayalam calendar and is one of the months that falls under monsoon season<em>.</em> The month is regarded as the most suitable time for rejuvenation therapies.<em> Karkidaka</em> <em>chikitsa</em> are well known tradition of Kerala, which focuses on detoxification of the body and prevention of monsoon related diseases.&nbsp; <em>Karkidaka kanji</em> is a medicated porridge consumed by the people as the part of <em>Karkidaka chikitsa</em>. The <em>kanji</em> increases the digestive capacity and strengthens the body. It is believed that the <em>kanji</em> will be providing immunity for the upcoming year. The present work reveals the importance of <em>Karkidaka kanji</em> and the plants used in the conventional method of its preparation. The information regarding the plants used was obtained from the Ayurvedic Doctors, Ayurvedic practitioners and local peoples of different regions of Kerala. The study enumerates the list of 87 plant species belonging to 42 families to be used in the preparation of <em>Karkidaka kanji.</em> The <em>kanji </em>is generally prepared using<em> Njavara</em> rice, spices and various other herbs like <em>Sida cordifolia, Boerhavia diffusa, Mimosa pudica,</em> the extract of<em> ‘Dashapusham’ </em>etc. The ingredients and preparation of <em>Karkidaka kanji</em> varied in different region according to the availability of plants. These ingredients are therapeutically active source of drug for various disease and ailments. Still there exists a lot of possibilities for investigating the potential pharmacological activates of these plants. Thus systematic documentation of such traditional system indicating the importance of plants opens up the opportunity for future research.</p> 2021-06-01T15:34:37+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research SANDALWOOD (SANTALUM ALBUM): ANCIENT TREE WITH SIGNIFICANT MEDICINAL BENEFITS 2021-06-03T07:02:26+08:00 Shailja Choudhary Gitika Chaudhary <p><em>Santalum album L.</em> is commonly known as East Indian sandalwood, Shrigandha, sandalwood and Chandana. The plant is considered as the oldest, precious and commercially significant herbal plant which is also used as timber in India. The plant is well known for its unique and distinctive fragrance. Also, this plant is considered sacred and its importance and usage are also mentioned in Vedas, Puranas, Buddhism, epics and scriptures. It is used in various religions like Hindu, Buddhism and Jainism culture for auspicious work. The heartwood of the plant is very expensive and is associated with great commercial value in the national and international market as it is enriched with fragranced essential oil. The aromatic essential oil of the plant is used in various perfumes, food products, cosmetics, aromatherapy and pharmaceutical industries. Traditionally, the plant is used in various medicinal systems such as Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha to cure diseases like jaundice, dysentery, gastric irritability and is used as a tonic for liver, heart, fever, memory improvement, anti-poison and for blood purifier. In Ayurveda, the sandalwood plant is used as an expectorant, diuretic, astringent, stimulant, coolant and sedative agent. Besides this, the plant is associated with reported therapeutic and pharmacological properties such as antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal, hepatoprotective and cardio-protective properties. Although, due to the overexploitation of the plant it is enlisted in the IUCN Red List. In this review, the traditional medicinal usage of the sandalwood plant and its pharmacological properties along with its modern view is briefly described.</p> 2021-06-01T15:40:48+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research