International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research <div align="justify"> <p class="para1"><strong>International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research (IJAPR)</strong>&nbsp;is an international peer reviewed Monthly open access Online and Print journal. The aim of the journal is to increase the impact of research in both academic and industry, with strong emphasis on quality and originality. The journal promotes to publish the articles in the field of&nbsp;<strong>Ayurveda, Siddha, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Homeopathy and Allopathy</strong>&nbsp;systems of medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Researchers may submit (1). Original Research Articles (2). Review articles (3). Book Reviews (4). Short Communications/ Research Letter (5). Case Report (6). Letter to the Editor/Correspondence.</p> </div> en-US (Dr B Srinivasulu M.D (Ayu.)) (V Sowmya) Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 OJS 60 VARIATIONS IN ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF SYZYGIUM CUMINI OF DIFFERENT GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATIONS <p>The emergence of antibiotic resistance and the evolution of new strains of disease causing agents, are of highly concern to the global health community. Plants are potential source of antimicrobial agents. They have been used traditionally for prevention of infections caused by micro-organisms. Description of <em>Krimighana</em> herbs enumerated in Ayurveda classics is suggestive towards the importance of this group of medicine. <em>Jambu</em> (<em>Syzygium cumini</em> (L.) Skeels) is a member of Myrtaceae family.&nbsp;In Raja Nighantu it is mentioned that plant <em>Jambu</em> is having <em>Kriminashaka</em> property. It has been widely used medicine in the prevention of various ailments like cough, Dysentary, Diabetes, inflammation and ringworm.&nbsp;It is well established fact that geographical variations effects the potential and activity of medicinal herbs. Hence, the present study was undertaken to investigate&nbsp;<em>Syzygium cumini</em> procured from different geographical locations including Delhi, Rajasthan and Maharashtra for their potential activity against human infections caused by pathogens. Method The aqueous extract of <em>Syzygium cumini</em> of all the three areas was prepared. The activity of the plant extract was evaluated against nine bacterial pathogens and one fungal strain, which include <em>Staphyllococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, Klebsiella pneumonia</em> and <em>Candida</em> <em>albicans</em>. The activity was carried out using Disk diffusion method. <strong>Result and Conclusion:</strong> All samples of <em>Syzygium cumini</em> showed potential antimicrobial activity against four pathogens including <em>Staphyllococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em> and <em>Candida</em> <em>albicans</em>. MIC was also evaluated against the tested pathogenic strains. The sample from Maharashtra showed MIC i.e. 80µg, 40µg, 80µg against <em>Staphyllococcus aureus</em>, <em>Streptococcus</em> <em>pyogenes</em> and <em>Candida albicans</em> respectively which is less as compare to sample from Rajasthan and Delhi. Region wise sample from Maharashtra showed good ZOI and MIC.</p> Pratibha, Nesari Tanuja, Ghildiyal Shivani, Vandhana Copyright (c) Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 TO EVALUATE THE EFFECT OF MARICH (PIPER NIGRUM LINN.) ON EXPERIMENTAL MODEL OF HIGH FAT DIET INDUCED OBESITY <p>As per today’s modern world unhealthy and stressful life style and wrong eating habits have lead to a deadly condition which effects our healthy well being and becomes a cause for various disease which effects the longevity of life, yes it is nothing else than Obesity called as <em>Sthoulya</em> in Ayurved. <em>Marich</em> is responsible for destroying <em>Visha</em>, <em>Jantu</em>, <em>Kapha</em>, and <em>Vata</em> from body. It is useful in scraping <em>Kapha</em> from the body. Aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of <em>Marich</em> <em>Churna</em> in experimental model of high fat diet induced obesity. The experimental study was carried out for 42 days. In which for the first 21 days, the obesity was induced by creating high fat induced obesity experimental model of Wistar rats male, which was further treated for next 21 days with three different test drug dosage of <em>Marich</em> (A), of 90mg/kg., <em>Marich</em> (B) of 180mg/kg and <em>Marich</em> (C) of 270mg/kg were used. For obesity induction Vanaspati Ghee (Dalda) and coconut oil (Parachute) was used in which daily pellets were soaked overnight. The weight was recorded on weekly basis where as the blood samples were collected on 0, 21 and 42 days respectively. Standard Drug Atorvastatin was used. The blood samples were sent for histopathological results and the statistical analysis was done with Annova method. Obesity was induced till day 21 and again was reduced satisfactorily by <em>Marich</em> group (A) and group (C ) showed maximum satisfactory results with histopathological changes. <em>Marich</em> has anti-obesity potential. According to variation of dose the results have significant changes.</p> Bomble Rajashri, Deshpande Mansi, Sawant Vidya Copyright (c) Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 AN OPEN LABELLED RANDOMISED CLINICAL TRIAL ON EFFICACY OF HARITAKI MODAKA AND ABHIJEET TAILA IN THE MANAGEMENT OF COMPUTER VISION SYNDROME <p>Computer Vision Syndrome is the new nomenclature to the visual, ocular, and systemic symptoms arising due to the long time and improper working on the computer. Computer Vision Syndrome is a repetitive strain disorder as defined by the American Optometric. With progressive increase in the usage of computers, the term Repeated Stress Injury has found a place in contemporary medical science. The ocular complaints experienced by computer users typically include eyestrain, eye fatigue, burning sensations, irritation, redness, blurred vision, and dry eyes, among others. This group of symptoms is called Asthenopia. The incidence of Computer Vision Syndrome is as high as 50% to 90% among the employees of computer occupation. The causes for the inefficiencies and the visual symptoms are a combination of individual visual problems and poor office ergonomics. <strong>Material &amp; Methods:</strong> In this clinical study on CVS, 60 patients were registered from Shalakya tantra OPD, and all of them completed the treatment. In Group A, 30 patients were prescribed&nbsp;<em>Abhijeet Taila for Pratimarsha Nasya</em> and in Group B, 30 patients were prescribed <em>Haritaki Modak </em>tablets internally and <em>Abhijeet Taila for Pratimarsha Nasya</em>. <strong>Results:</strong> In total, 20% and 33.33% patients got completely cured in Group A and B respectively. <strong>Discussion: </strong>Both the drugs were effective in managing the condition, but it was observed they were more effective when given together. Multi-centric studies with larger sample size on the same drugs should be carried out to evaluate the effect of the drugs and, also so that the observations can be noted well and can be better suggested.</p> Akanksha Thakur, Manjusha Rajagopala, Narayan Bavalatti, Pankaj Kundal Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY ON PRAMEHA (DIABETES MELLITUS) IN KOLKATA <p>Type 2 diabetes mellitus is one of the most leading causes of death and disability worldwide among the lifestyle disorders where dietary and lifestyle factors play a major role. <em>Prameha</em> is a classical metabolic disorder of tissue and cellular level. Unhealthy diet and physical inactivity are the leading causes of the lifestyle disorders;<em> Prameha </em>is also among them as mentioned by <em>Acharya Charaka</em>. A survey study was carried out to study the prevalence of <em>Prameha</em> patients and associated risk factors in the light of epidemiological aspect. 120 diabetic patients from OPD of Institute of Post Graduate Ayurvedic Education and Research, Kolkata, were selected randomly according to their registered address as residents of Kolkata. A survey proforma along with consent form was prepared and detailed history of each patient fulfilling the subjective criteria of <em>Prameha</em> and objective criteria of Diabetes Mellitus were taken. On considering data of <em>Santarpana nidana</em>, maximum patients were taking excess carbohydrate (90%); dairy products (82.5%); fried and fatty diet (68.33%); sweets and sugarcane preparations (79.16%); junk and fast foods (82.5%) in excessive quantity and 51.66% patient were found to be with increased BMI. Factors observed related to lifestyle are <em>Divaswapna</em> (60%) and <em>Asyasukham</em> (65%). <em>Udvega</em> (stress) were found in 88.33% of patients. This study revealed that prevalence of carbohydrate rich diet; dairy products; junk food and increased BMI are found dominant in diabetes patients in Kolkata. Avoidance of these faulty dietary habits and sedentary lifestyle, further progression of the diabetes along with its complications can be inhibited.</p> Swagata Chakraborty, Apala Sengupta Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 AYURVEDA AS A CO-THERAPY IN THE MANAGEMENT OF OLIGOASTROCYTOMA: A CASE STUDY <p>Anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) is a diffusely infiltrating malignant, astrocytic, primary brain tumour with a peak incidence between 40 to 50 years of age is a leading cause of cancer death. Though cancer chemotherapy is highly effective in many cancers, but side-effects of chemotherapy are severe in many patients like myelosuppression, anorexia, weight loss, mucositis, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. It appears that side effects of chemotherapy are manifestations of aggravated <em>Tridosha </em>as <em>Raktadushti</em> (vitiated blood). Therefore, present case study was undertaken to find effectiveness of Ayurvedic medication as an adjuvant or co-therapy in the management of oligoastrocytoma as well as in minimizing the side effect of chemo-radiotherapy. A female patient of age 40 years with brain cancer (clinically diagnosed case of anaplastic oligoastrocytoma grade 3<sup>rd</sup>) undergoing oral chemotherapy by irnocam 150 mg, avastin 400mg for 6 cycle and radiotherapy was taken. Patient was given classical Ayurvedic formulation of <em>Rasa sindur</em> 50mg+ <em>Abhrakbhasma</em> 250mg+ <em>Vachachurna</em> 500mg+ <em>Panchamritalauha guggulu</em> 250mg BD with honey, <em>Shatavarighrita </em>5gm BD with milk, <em>Jyotishmatitaila</em> 5 drops BD with <em>Bataasha</em> and cap SNEC30 (liquid curcumin capsules). After the completion of 6<sup>th</sup> cycle there were very encouraging results observed with negligible side effects, improvement in all chief complaints, general health condition and quality of life of the patient. Ayurvedic medication appears to have significant effect on reducing side effect of chemo-radiotherapy and improving quality of life in the patient of brain cancer (oligoastrocytoma).</p> Virendra Singh Hada, Harish Bhakuni, Radhika.S.Pukale Copyright (c) Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 A REVIEW ON CONTRIBUTION OF ACHARYA SUSHRUTA IN EMERGENCY SURGICAL CONDITIONS <p><em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em> was the ancient Indian surgeon and also called as Father of Surgery. In ancient era when surgery was in its early childhood stage or not even heard of in other parts of the world, <em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em> performed surgery in various emergency conditions like <em>Chhidrodara </em>(intestinal perforation), <em>Baddhgudodara </em>(intestinal obstruction), <em>Ashmari </em>(urolithiasis), <em>Sadyo</em> <em>Vrana </em>(traumatic wound), etc. In his text <em>Sushruta</em> <em>Samhita</em>, he described all such types of diseases and their emergency surgery. His basic principles of plastic surgeries and concept of anesthesia are the privilege to emergency surgery. <em>Ashtavidha</em> <em>Shastra</em> <em>Karma</em> (8 types of surgical procedures), trauma bandage, emergency trauma suturing, management of <em>Raktasrava</em> (hemorrhage), replacement of blood volume, etc., are the basic principles of emergency surgery and given by <em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em> first. There are various advanced types of surgical procedures available in modern science for emergency conditions, but many of these surgical procedures are still following the basic principles as given by <em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em> and even after their development, in certain conditions they are still deprived of. So this paper focuses on review on the contribution of <em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em> in emergency surgical conditions.</p> Richa Sharma, P. Hemantha Kumar Copyright (c) Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 A COMPARATIVE CLINICAL STUDY TO EVALUATE THE EFFECT OF CHARAKOKTA MUTRAVIRECHANIYA MAHAKASHAYA IN MUTRAKRICHRA OR LOWER URINARY TRACT INFECTION <p><em>Mutrakrichra </em>the disease of <em>Mutravaha Srotas </em>is caused due to <em>Sanga</em> (obstruction). <em>Mutrakrichra </em>means difficulty in micturition. <em>Mutrakrichra </em>can be compared to lower urinary tract infection (LUTI) symptoms. LUTI is the most common infection known to mankind and a common condition seen in general practice. Urinary tract infection affects more than 150 million people every year worldwide. <strong>Objective: </strong>To evaluate the effect of <em>Mutravirechaniya Mahakashaya </em>in LUTI and to compare its efficacy with Tab. Norfloxacin. <strong>Methods:</strong> 45 patients of either gender with the symptoms of LUTI were randomized into three groups of 15 patients each. Group A- received <em>Mutravirechaniya Mahakashaya </em>50ml. Group B- received Tab. Norfloxacin 400mg and Group C- <em>Mutravirechaniya Mahakashaya</em> and Tab. Norfloxacin in the above mentioned dose for ten days. Efficacy outcomes were assessed through subjective parameters and routine urine and microscopic examination. <strong>Observation and results: </strong>When compared all the groups showed better results in relieving the clinical symptoms of LUTI. Overall patients treated with <em>Mutravirechaniya Mahakashaya</em> and Tab. Norfloxacin showed better results, but there was no significant difference between the groups (P&lt;0.351). <strong>Conclusion: </strong><em>Mutravirechaniya Mahakashaya </em>was able to meet the efficacy outcomes measures in comparison to Tab. Norfloxacin. Clinical effects of <em>Mutravirechaniya Mahakashaya </em>were similar to Tab. Norfloxacin owing to its diuretic, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.</p> Aryamol A D, Umesh C, Gopal Krishna G Copyright (c) 2020 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 THERAPEUTIC APPLIANCE OF IMPERILED MEDICINAL PLANT PULLAS-RHODODENDRON ARBOREUM SM.: A SHORT PERIODICAL ANALYSIS FROM ANCIENT TO MODERN ERA <p><em>Rhododendron arboreum </em>Sm. the world’s most famous rhododendron, is known as national flower of Nepal. The word Rhododendron is derived from Greek word <em>rhodo </em>mean&nbsp;<em>rose</em> and&nbsp;<em>dendron </em>means tree. It is often called&nbsp;Rhodies. The flowers being sweet and sour taste are used in the preparation of squash, jams, jellies and local brew. It is used in folklore medicine to treat many disorders and often used as a substitute to another famous plant drug <em>Rohitaka</em>. Pharmaceuticals companies and traditional practitioners of Nepal are using its bark, as a substitute of <em>Rohitaka </em>i.e. <em>Tecomella undulate</em> (Sm.) Seem. The present review highlights some potential therapeutics from ancient to modern era in order to explore the gap as well as bring out certain suggestive approaches from exploration of its ancient traditional therapeutics/properties to future conservation of this plant species.</p> Santosh Kumar Thakur, Sumit Natthani, Mita Kotecha Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 A REVIEW ON THE ROLE OF HOMOEOPATHY IN EPIDEMICS AMIDST COVID-19 CRISIS <p>It is a challenging time for the entire medical world to manage Coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19). The past few decades there is increase of epidemic diseases, with increase loss of lives due to rapidly spreading devastating epidemics; there is a need for protective immunization and prevention. The great hope in the control of infectious diseases is always vaccine. Vaccines have played an important part in the reduction of communicable diseases. However, Vaccines are continually monitored for safety, and like any medication, vaccine can cause side effects. Homoeopathy has been reportedly used with variable degree of success in influenza, cholera and other epidemics for 200 years. Homoeopathy has been used both therapeutically and /or prophylactic with success in past, using different approaches like Genus epidemicus, nosodes, and homoeopathic formulations.&nbsp;</p> Ashish Shivadikar Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 MANAGEMENT OF STHOULYA (OBESITY) WITH APATARPANA CHIKITSA – A CASE STUDY <p>This is the era of modernization, science and technology development; resulted into more sedentary lifestyle. This era is more challenging because of lifestyle disorders which are due to change in dietary habits and mode of lifestyle. Obesity is one of the major lifestyle disorders which are a threat to life and is also a major cosmetic issue. Effective treatment for obesity is a need which is not available in the current scenario. In Ayurveda obesity can be correlated with <em>Sthoulya</em> or <em>Medoroga</em>. <em>Acharya Charaka</em> has prescribed <em>Apatarpan chikitsa</em> as the main <em>Chikitsa</em> for <em>Sthoulya</em>. The present article is about a case of <em>Sthoulya</em> treated by <em>Apatarpan chikitsa </em>mainly with <em>Pachana, Udwartana, Swedana</em>, <em>Sadyavamana, Rukshana </em>and <em>Basti</em>. Patients got significant relief in all the complaints and a remarkable weight loss in 21 days only.</p> Rohini A. Kathale, Sharmili V. Suryavanshi, Prasad V.Kulkarni Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 MANAGEMENT OF BUERGER'S DISEASE THROUGH AYURVEDA- A CASE REPORT <p>The present case report was about a 50 year-old-male who was diagnosed with Buerger’s disease which is a generalised occlusive vascular diseaseaffecting predominantly males with special predilection to involve the lowerextremities. He presented with complaint of unhealed ulcerations with pain andburning sensation in his right sole for 6 months but not getting satisfactoryrelief even after using conventional medications and advised to get doneamputation. He visited the All India institute of Ayurveda and was treated fortwo months with a combination of Ayurvedic medicines and leech therapy whichshowed significant improvement in patients condition and eventually norecurrence was observed, ulcer healed completely with slight discolouration. Thisshows the effectiveness of Ayurvedic treatment including internal medicinesadministration and leech therapy in preventing amputation and treating othersymptoms which may be useful for clinical practices.</p> Shikha Chaudhary, Divya Kajaria, Rama Kant Yadava Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 AYURVEDA INTERVENTION IN FEMALE INFERTILITY DUE TO OVARIAN FACTOR - A CASE REPORT <p>Infertility is defined as inability of a couple to conceive after one year of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Incidence of ovarian dysfunction in the form of Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD) has become a leading cause of female infertility in today’s era. Polycystic Ovarian disease (PCOD) is a heterogeneous, multifactorial and polygenic endocrinal disorder. <em>Acharya Sushrut</em> explained about <em>Bandhya Yonivya pada </em>where <em>Nashtartava</em> is mentioned as the one and only symptom. In Ayurveda text word <em>Aartava</em> has been used extensively in different contexts; menstrual blood, ovum and ovarian hormones. Therefore Amenorrhea, anovulation, hormonal dysfunction can be considered as visible manifestations of <em>Nashtartva</em>. So, here an attempt has been made to explore <em>Samshodhan</em> (<em>Virechan</em>) as a possible line of treatment for <em>Bandhya </em>(<em>Nashtartava</em>). <strong>Material and method</strong>: Following is a case report of a female who was anxious to conceive after 4 years of active married life, along with H/O delayed menses.&nbsp; Her USG reports showed polycystic appearance of ovaries and anovulation was noticed in follicular study. During this case study evaluation of <em>Shodhan </em>therapy (<em>Virechan</em>) and <em>Shaman </em>therapy in infertility due to ovulatory dysfunction was done. <strong>Result: </strong>Before the treatment patient was a known case of infertility due to PCOD and after treatment she conceived and delivered a healthy female baby. <strong>Discussion: </strong>Line of treatment was to enhance potency of ovum and with the help of <em>Virechankarma</em>, regularize vitiated <em>Vata Dosha, Shrotoshuddhi </em>and <em>Aartava janan</em>. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Ayurveda therapy can be used in patients of infertility due to PCOD for better outcome and no adverse drug effect was noticed.</p> Upasana Sharma, Sushila Sharma Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 CONCEPTUAL STUDY OF CHARAKOKTA PRADNYAPARADHA (INTELLECTUAL ERROR) AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE IN SHARIRA KRIYA (PHYSIOLOGY) <p><em>Atma, Mana, Indriya </em>and<em> Indriyartha </em>are involved in perception of knowledge. One of the three important causative factors of diseases is <em>Pradnyaparadha</em> i.e., <em>Dhi-Dhriti-Smriti Vibhramsha</em> (intellectual error). <em>Pradnyaparadha</em> is the main causative factor of many <em>Nija</em> (innate) diseases and all <em>Agantu</em> (accidental) diseases as well as <em>Janapadodhvansa</em> <em>vyadhi </em>(Epidemic diseases). <strong>Rationale</strong>: It becomes need of an hour to study the concept of <em>Pradnyaparadha </em>(intellectual error), one of the major causes of physical and mental diseases, in various dimensions. <strong>Objective</strong>: This is an attempt to study the concept of <em>Pradnyaparadha</em> as explained in <em>Charaka Samhita</em> and its significance in <em>Sharir Kriya </em>which gives a detailed account of <em>Atma, Mana </em>and<em> Indriya.</em> <strong>Results</strong>: The concept of <em>Pradnyaparadha</em> has been discussed at various places in <em>Charaka Samhita</em>. If one can avoid this intellectual error by following code of conduct as prescribed in Ayurveda and in various philosophical treatises, he or she will remain healthy and thus will be capable in achievement of goals of life. <strong>Conclusion</strong><em>: </em>Wrongly perception of knowledge through combined effects of <em>Atma, Mana, Indriya </em>and<em> Indriyartha</em> is nothing but <em>Pradnyaparadha. </em>Avoidance of etiological factor i.e., avoidance of <em>Pradnyaparadha</em> (Intellectual error- Doing improper things knowingly) is the only preventive and curative measure for most of the diseases.</p> Akshay Pathak Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 MUDHAGARBHA W.S.R. OBSTRUCTED LABOUR AND ITS APPLIED ASPECT <p>Maternal and Infant mortality is still a big problem in Modern scenario. Different complications during preconception, antenatal, intranatal and postnatal period are increasing day by day. <em>Ayurveda</em> has given prime importance to Antenatal and Intranatal care of women and her baby. In spite of good care sometimes labour has unpredictable outcomes, previously normal labour suddenly landed up into abnormal or obstructed labour. In <em>Ayurveda, </em>obstructed labour has unique concepts and is explained under the term <em>Mudagarbha</em>. Obstructed labour is also a cause of maternal and infant death. In the present article an attempt is made to throw light on the very unique concept of <em>Mudhagarbha</em> described in <em>Ayurveda </em>and its scientific Concept.</p> Swati Bala, Kalpna Sharma, Prabhakar Shukla Copyright (c) Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 AYURVEDIC DIETARY CONCEPTS IN DIFFERENT AGE GROUP OF CHILDREN <p>Ayurveda is a science of life, which mainly aims to promote and preserve the health of the individuals. In this techno and competitive era, life style and diet are major factors influencing the health of the individuals. Diet and dietary habits play important role in maintenance of health. Ayurveda, its main aim is to promote and preserve the health, strength and longevity of healthy person and to cure the disease. Ayurveda places special emphasis on <em>Ahara</em> and believes that healthy nutrition nourishes the <em>Sharir</em>, <em>Mana</em>, <em>Atma</em>. As <em>Acharyas</em> has described <em>Ahara</em>. <em>Nidra</em>, <em>Brahmcharya</em> are <em>Tryoupsthambha</em> (sub pillars) which support the body itself. Here <em>Ahara</em> has been placed first which shows that it is most important to maintain and sustain of life. Children are delicate and most sensitive and prone to the infectious diseases. They are miniature of adult. They are in <em>Ajatvyajanawastha</em> (developing stage). Psychologically they are innocent. Being in developmental phase, <em>Ahara</em> plays very important role in the life of children. So parents should be aware of dietetic components required by child in different age groups.</p> Shamama Firdaus, Sunil Topre, Nitin Mane Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800 A CRITICAL REVIEW ON DANTAHARSHA IN SHALAKYATANTRA <p><em>Mukha</em> is considered as one of the <em>Nava</em> <em>dwaras</em>. <em>Danta</em> is the <em>Anga</em> (part) of <em>Mukha</em>. There are various diseases affecting the <em>Mukha</em> and their <em>Angas</em>. As preventive therapy our Acharyas have mentioned <em>Kavala</em>, <em>Gandusha</em>, <em>Dantadhavan</em>, <em>Mukhaprakhalana </em>etc in <em>Dincharya</em>. One who does not indulge in such regimen is sure to be affected by the diseases of the <em>Mukha</em>.</p> <p><em>Dantaharsha</em> is one of the 8 <em>Dantaroga</em> explained by Acharya Sushruta and it is the most common disorder of the mouth. Clinically, if teeth do not tolerate cold or heat or any other kind of touch, it is known as <em>Dantaharsha</em>. It can be compared with dental hypersensitivity. Several people all around the world experience this painful condition and are highly prevalent in the adult populations. <em>Dantagatharogas</em>, its causes, prevention and treatment are explained in detail in all the ancient texts of Ayurveda. This shows the importance given to oral health during those eras and even now, it is rightly said oral health is equal to overall health. Many remedies are prescribed in modern medicine for the treatment of dentine hypersensitivity like use of fluorides, oxalates etc in the form of paste, lasers etc. But these methods are quite expensive and often recurrence of the symptoms is seen. Long use of these are said to cause allergic reaction to gums. So it becomes relevant to develop an easy, economic, non toxic and approachable modality as a treatment measure in <em>Dantaharsha</em>.</p> Suchitra Chawan, Suja K. Sreedhar Copyright (c) 2020 Mon, 31 Aug 2020 00:00:00 +0800